Yamhill Valley Grown, Your Guide To Local Food - Page 4

Farming Practices Ever feel a little overwhelmed by all the terms you see and hear at the market and unsure where to start? The terms identified on this page will help you begin that journey. As you read through this guide farmers have listed out their farming practices and certifications along with how to contact them. We encourage you to check them out, go to the farm, visit them at the market. Get connected with your food and where it comes from. It also needs to be said that we took the information provided from the farms at face value. We did not verify any practices, techniques or certifications and cannot vouch for the accuracy of any statements made in this guide. Management Intensive Grazing is a system of grazing in which ruminant and nonruminant herds are regularly and systematically moved to fresh pasture to maximize the quality and quantity of forage growth. Herds graze on portion of pasture, or a paddock, while allowing the others to recover. Resting grazed lands allows the vegetation to renew energy reserves, rebuild shoot systems, and deepen root systems, with the end result being long-term maximum biomass production. Compost is plant matter that has been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil amendment. Compost is a key ingredient in organic farming. Compost tea is a liquid solution or suspension made by steeping compost in water. It is used both as a fertilizer and to prevent plant diseases. Diverse crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons to balance the fertility demands of various crops and to avoid the build up of pathogens and excessive depletion of soil nutrients. Cover crops are crops planted primarily to manage soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds, pests, diseases, and biodiversity. Many are grown for a specific period, and then plowed under before reaching full maturity in order to improve soil fertility and quality. Integrated Pest Management IPM combines organic and synthetic methods of pest control in order to minimize hazards to people, property, and the environment. 4 Organic soil amendments and fertilizers are derived from natural sources instead of synthetic compounds. Naturally derived fertilizers include: manure, slurry, worm castings, peat, seaweed, and guano. Processed organic fertilizers include compost, compost tea, bloodmeal, bone meal, humic acid, amino acids, fishmeal and seaweed extracts. No-Spray typically means “no chemical pesticides have been sprayed on the edible portion of the plant”, but it is a problematic term, since there are severally organically approved fertilizers and pesticides that are applied in a spray form. Set Stocking, also known as continuous stocking, is a grazing system in which stock remain in one field or paddock for a long period without rotation. Frequently used in the spring with beef and sheep to keep rapidly growing pastures under control. Seasonal Pasturing incorporates grazing animals on a particular area for only part of the year. This allows the land that is not being grazed to rest and allow for new forage to grow. Heritage Breeds are historic and often endangered breeds of livestock and poultry. Heritage animals were bred over time to develop