World Monitor Mag WM_June 2018 web - Page 71

CULTURE KEREGE (expanding lattice walls) SHANYRAK (round topping of the dome) UYK (domed pole) First, Kerege are placed from the entrance and bound by ropes. The top part of the walls are secured with yurt-size ribbon. Head of family lifts the top part of the yurt with Bakan – a special perch. Shanyrak is family relic, symbol for procreation and shelter, home and family. Dome poles are supported by Shanyrak. They are strung on it and bound to the walls (Kerege). SYKYRLAULYK (double door) KIYZ (felt) 5 TYPES OF FELT (to cover the yurt) Bound to the side sticks of the yurt (Tayanysh). After the whole construction is assembled, the yurt is covered with Kiyz, then bound to Uyks with long cords. 1. Uzik – for the roof 2. Tundik – for shanyrak 3. Kiyz Yessik – for the door 4. Tuyrlyk – for the wall 5. Shirdak – for the floor the entrance. Different food provisions, dishes, dried meet hanging on the wall, leather jar for kumys (hourse milk) on the wooden stand, locker for the most valued products (tea, sugar, sweets). Often times this corner was screen-folded. On the left form the entrance male-related work things were placed: saddles, harness, arms, etc. The sick or early-born lamb could be put there in winter time or a very cold weather. On two sides from the door frames there were owners’ beds – elders on the right and younger family memebrs – on the left. The beds were spread out for the night, folded and put against the wall in the day time. The wooden-made beds by Kazakh craftsment were widespread element inside the yurt. Bed-curtains were made of red fabrics. The wall carpet from ornamented felt was hanging behind the bed. Even from the outside Kazakh yurt looked fancy because of the wool-made ornamented weaved ribbons that were used for binding. When moving to new places, the Kazakh yurt was put down into the main elements and transported in packs. Kazakh yurt is easily assembled and put down. It keeps the warmth, protects from the wind, and from heat in the summer. Gasket prevents from penetration of humidity when felts are wet from the rain. The bottom felts are pulled up in summer for freshness, but gaskets will keep the dust and trash away. The yurts were warmed up for winter, covering with double felts, enclosed with snow and сane bundles. The villages would be settled at the places keeping from winds and storms. The fire would always be burning in the yurt during the frost. In spite of that, the yurt inhabitants would be wearing clothes and fur in the cold. Based on the materials at: www.bilu.kz Source of illustrations: sputniknews-uz.com supported by EUROBAK 67