World Monitor Mag WM_June 2018 web - Page 70

CULTURE The shape of the Kazakh yurt’s dome had low hemisphere shape. The hoop was large in diameter, poles had big curves on the bottom parts. covers were trimmed with hair trace to be firmer. The hair ropes would sometimes be sewn onto the felt angles to be bound on the frame of the yurt. Separate wooden parts of the yurt’s carcas were so strong that they could handle the weight of felt and insulating cover for winters, snow and wind pressure. The frame was binded durable and secure way, so that assembled Kazakh yurt could be lift up without taking it down. The wooden frame’s weight for a large eight-rope yurt was in average 150-200 kilos. The work to assemple and reassemble the yurt was relied on women. Kazakh yurt can be set up by 2-3 women. It can take them just one hour to accomplish. First, the units (Kerege) were put around and bind together with brain. The door frame was put and attached in between two grids. Then, any man would put up the rim, using a special perch with the fork on the edge. The rim was bound with 3-4 poles, then the others were put in and bound. The lettice wall on the top would be pulled together by fabric ribbon that was 30-45 sm wide. Baskur usually had an ornament and was one of the decorative element in the yurt’s interior. Baskurs with pile pattern are widespread in the Southern Kazakhstan where carpet weaving was practiced. The wealthy Kazakh yurts were pulled together with two or three baskurs. If the yurt was covered with felt, then Beldeu was bound in two spots outside. Felt valve were attached on the final stage. The kazakh yurt’s door is called Sykyrlauyk – meaning ‘squeaky’ (‘creaking’). The door elements are put together without using nails. Door and its jambs would be decorated with various carved ornaments, painted in different colors and encrusted with bones. Felt cover of yurt was composed of four main elements that matched the four carcas parts. Lettice cylinder wall was covered with four-square pieces of felt that closed one third of the dome. Two trapesoidal felts were covering the whole dome, leaving just the rim open. The rectangular felt was bind onto the three angles only, keeping the fourth one open to let the light and fume out in warm weather or closed during the rainy, snowy and cold times. The door was a final felt-made part. It was rectangular cloth sewn of two felt layers and hemmed with the grass-made mat. The felt door was attached to the rim on the top and would touch the floor on the bottom. Instead of separate felts for the dome and walls, there were long covers for carcas hanging from the rim to the very bottom of the yurt. Such coverings were pointed out by S. I. Rudenko in the Western Kazakhstan. They were also present in Semey and Karaganda oblasts. All felt 66 world monitor Ribbons of different sizes and ornaments were weav VBg&Чvǒ6V&FWvW&PFV6&FrFRFW&'2f'&2 '&FVB'&r&&&2vW&RvpFvFR&2FWvW&RFVBWFFRG&fV7FRFR֖FFRbFPW'B&&&2f"VƖrFvWFW"W066RbfrvW&R6vpg&FR6VƖrFW6R&&&2gFVআB6&gV''W6W2FRVG266RbFR7G&rvBFFF7W'BRvW&RWB6FRFRW'BFR&Rv2FvF`FRFR6VGW&W2bF2ƖfP2v&VBWB7G&7BB&FF7G&'WFbFRƖ֗FVB76RbFV RvW&RFRV6W76'f"Ɨfp6VB&R7F&VB'G2bW'@W'Bv2v26WBVB7V6RBv2W'6R66PV6֖2BFW7F27FfFW2f"BvW&RF&V7Fǒ&VFVBFFR76R`7VFRF"FFRW'Bv26VB7G&7Fǐf6rFR6WF66&F6RvFFP7V6W2vR7G&V֖rF&VvFPFRFRW'Bw&GV6gBb7VƖvBg&R6FRbFRW'BFFW"BvVBFVfRFRB'VBFPF66VGVRFB2vWfW'Fr@G27G&7B&FW#gW&GW&R6VVB@FfFrFRW'BFFR'G2FR6Rf"FR6VFW"f&W6Rv0FRFR֖FFRbFRW'B7V66WGFr7&VFVBFR&W7Bf"6FFf&PG&gBBWfVv&֖rWFR76RखFRVBbF( 2&Vvrb#F6VGW'FRf&Rv2'&VVBFRw&VBr7V6B66WBf"B&fPFRf&RFW&RvW&R&G&Bf"FP&W""7vFFRFrFPBFR6VƖrFRW'B'Bg&FPf&W6Rv26fW&VBvFW7V@fVG26FRFRF"FR&W7B6R'FRW'N( 2vFR6&WBv26WB FR&W'Gv2WB7V6vFV7FBvW&R6WBf"FvW"6W7G2fVBFR66W2&w2vFWG&6FpBFW"Fw2fFVB&WG2@w2vW&RWBF6WFW2F07F&vRv26fW&VBwF&VFVBfV@6'WB"f'&26fW&rvV'&FW'FR6Rg&BbFR7F&vR6&W@v26VBF"( 2FR7B&&R6PFRW'BW7VǒFRVBbFRf֖ǐ"7B&VBwVW7G2vW&RFpF26RFbFR&VwV"fVBFP6Rv26fW&VB'7V6VFW&0F6BvVFVBgW"'R&7FV&WFVBvFfVB"6'WBFRW'B76R'FRVG&6R( 0&6v( 2v2FW6vVBf"W6VG2fVR6FRv26FVBFR&vBg&