9 There is considerable support in the literature for targeting prevention and intervention strategies at children and young people as a distinct sub-group with school based programs aimed at preventing violence and promoting respectful relationships having the strongest evidence base for effective primary prevention work. The special vulnerability of women without permanent Australian residency status receives particular attention as does the importance of group work and other efforts to reduce CALD women’s vulnerability arising from social and community isolation. A ‘bystanders’ approach to primary prevention is singled out as having potential for reducing violence against women. Within this context, the literature supports interventions aimed at building community and religious leaders’ understanding of family violence and supporting them to respond appropriately and effectively to family violence within their communities. An Integrated Approach to Family Violence in the City of Whittlesea The experience of family violence within CALD communities is multi-layered and complex. This complexity demands that, in order to to break the cycle of family violence and empower communities to prevent violence against women, an appropriate mix of prevention and early intervention strategies be adopted. This report recommends the establishment of a Steering Committee to oversee the implementation of all elements of an integrated model for delivering early intervention and prevention responses to CALD communities in the City of Whittlesea. The overarching aim of an integrated model should be to support CALD communities, newly arrived migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers, to break the cycle of family violence and empower communities to confront and respond to the challenge of preventing violence against women. The model will address: The Empowerment of CALD Women ? CALD women’s isolation by increasing social connectedness through participation in groups. The connections that women gain through group programs are vital to enabling women to access information about their rights and services and increase their confidence to seek and obtain support. Building the Capacity of Community and Religious Leaders ? Community and religious leaders’ response to disclosures of family violence and the information and assistance they give to CALD men and women has a critical role to play in determining outcomes for CALD women experiencing family violence. The model will increase the capacity of community and religious leaders to respond both to individual disclosures of family violence in their communities and to address family violence in their communities at a broader level. ? Anti-family violence tools, resources and messages will be developed in partnership with community leaders so that they have the capacity a ??\???\?[???X][?[???\??Z\???[?]Y\?[??^\?]\?H?[\?[H[?[??Z\?X?[H\???X]K???