Vet360 Vol 4 Issue 4 August 2017 Vet 360 - Page 21

CPD ACCREDITED ARTICLE CPD Questions AC/1724/17 Please visit website www.vet360.vetlink.co.za Questions 1-5 are from the C section article Questions 6-10 are from the feline NI article 1. Which one of the effects listed below is not caused by al- pha-2- adrenergic agonists? a. Transient hypertension initially b. Mild hypotension c. Bradycardia d. Decreased systemic vascular resistance e. Reduced cardiac output 2. Which one of the anaesthetic induction protocols listed be- low correctly describes that used in the study? a. Medetomidine hydrochloride at 7  µg/kg  iv , followed by propofol 1% at 1 to 2 mg/kg iv b. Medetomidine hydrochloride at 10  µg/kg  iv , followed by propofol 1% at 1 to 2 mg/kg iv c. Meloxicam 0.1 mg/kg iv, medetomidine hydrochloride at 7 µg/kg iv , followed by propofol 1% at 1 to 2 mg/kg iv d. Medetomidine hydrochloride at 10 µg/kg iv , morphine at 0.2 mg/kg iv followed by propofol 1% at 1 to 2 mg/kg iv e. Medetomidine hydrochloride at 10  µg/kg  iv , diazepam at 0,2mg/kg iv followed by propofol 1% at 1 to 2 mg/kg iv 3. Which one of the procedures listed below was not applied to the puppies post-delivery? a. Immediate administration of atipamezole hydrochloride at the dose of 50 µg/puppy sc, b. Tying off of the umbilicus and applying 10% povidone iodine c. Drying the puppies and placing them in an air-heated incu- bator set at 35°C. d. Gently shaking fluids from their airways e. Provision of oxygen support 4. Which one of the statements listed below regarding puppy mortality is incorrect? a. The 2 h survival rate of Boerboel, English bulldog and other purebred’s puppies respectively was 95.43%, 88.35% and 89.78% b. The 7-day survival rate Boerboel, English bulldog and oth- er purebred’s puppies respectively was 89.19%, 79.11% and 84.03% respectively. c. Boerboels had the highest percentage of puppies eu- thanased for malformations d. English bull dogs had the highest percentage of still born puppies e. English bull dogs had the highest percentage of pups found to be dead on pre c-section ultrasound 5.Which one of the statements below regarding the use or medications in canine c-section is most correct? a. Both maternal and neonatal cardiovascular depression are not associated with the use of medetomidine b. Opioids provide analgesia but cross the placenta and can cause significant central nervous system and respiratory de- pression in neonates c. There is no consensus that a single IV administration of meloxicam at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg immediately after de- livery of the puppies is safe d. There are no post-op analegesic properties of medetomi- dine. e. Reversal by atipamezole will not reverse the analgesic effects of medetomidine 6. The frequency of blood types differs markedly between cat breeds. Which one of the statements below is IN- CORRECT? a. Siamese, Burmese, Tonkinese and Russian blue can be considered to all be Type B b. Persian cats are up to 24% Type B c. Abyssinian, Birman, Persian, Somali, Sphinx, Scottish fold are 11 -20% Type B d. Cornish Rex, Devon Rex and sphinx are 20 – 45% Type B e. Exotic and British shorthair are 53 – 58% Type B 7. Which one of the statements below regarding feline blood types is CORRECT? a. Feline blood groups have been characterized as Type A, Type B and Type C. b. Blood Type B is most prevalent. c. Type B is dominant over Type A. d. Cats do possess naturally occurring antibodies (allo-an- tibodies) against other blood groups e. Alloantibodies can be transferred to neonate via colos- trum for up to 36 hrs after birth 8. A genotype AA male cat mates with a phenotype B female cat. Which of the following statements is cor- rect? a. The kittens will all have blood type A b. The kittens will all have blood type B c. The kittens will all be genotype AA d. All female kittens will have blood type B e. The kittens will be able to safely suckle from their mother 9. Which one statement below is most correct regarding alloantibodies in cats ? a. Anti B antibodies occur in high titres in Type A cats b. Type B cats have high titres (1:64 – 1: 2064) of anti-A antibodies c. Type B cats have high titres (1:64 – 1: 2064) of anti-B antibodies d. Anti –A antibodies are mainly of the IgM class e. Anti B antibodies are strong haemolysins and haemag- glutinins 10. Which one of the statements below is correct regard- ing the prevention of NI? a. In an incompatible breeding, nursing is not allowed with- in the first 12 hours. b. The new born kittens can be placed with any foster mother for the first 24 hours c. The new born kittens must be placed with a type B foster mother for the first 24 hours d. In felines, the levels of antibodies in milk is nowhere near as high as that of colostrum or serum. e. The injection of adult feline serum; 5ml at birth and 12 and 24 hours after birth sc or ip successfully corrected IgG deficiency of colostrum deprived kittens. TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS, FOLLOW THE LINK FROM WWW.VET360.VETLINK.CO.ZA OR USE THE APP Issue 04 | AUGUST 2017 | 21