Vet360 Vol 3 Issue 04 August 2016 - Page 33

DERMATOLOGY Shaping the future of animal health Conditions of the Canine Foot Pad Dr Heidi Schroeder, BVSc MMedVet(Med) Small Animal Physician Willow Park Small Animal Medicine Specialist Hospital, Willow Glen, Pretoria Tel: 012 813 8009 wpsam@absamail.co.za Foot pad conditions are usually part of generalised skin conditions or systemic conditions that also cause skin lesions and clinical signs elsewhere on or in a patient. The most important differential diagnoses are discussed in this article. There are not many foot pad conditions and therefore when the footpads are affected, they can aid in the diagnosis of a particular condition. There are also a few conditions that affect the foot pads only. When a patient is presented with a foot pad condition it is important to take a good history and do a full clinical examination. Consider the age (e.g. genodermatoses, parasites and infectious diseases in young dogs versus auto-immune and metabolic conditions in older dogs). It is also important to determine whether there are concurrent systemic signs, e.g. necrolytic migratory erythema (NME), whether one or more pads are affected and whether there are signs of skin disease elsewhere on the body. Skin or foot pad biopsies for histopathology are required in many cases to make a final diagnosis. Issue 04 | AUGUST 2016 | 33 VET360 AUGUST 2016 working.indd 33 2016/07/25 11:04 PM