Vet360, December 2016 - Page 38

EXOTICS majority of reptiles can be habituated to feeding on killed prey with a little effort on the part of the keeper. Infectious Stomatitis or “Mouth Rot”: Is a common condition, especially in snakes. It begins with inflammation and exudate build up with petechial haemorrhages and if untreated may progress to abscessation and tooth loss or even osteomyelitis. Treatment includes debriding, oral chlorhexidine or betadine washes and appropriate antibiotic cover. The pathogenic bacteria are typically gram negative so Enrofloxacin, Florfenicol and Ceftazidime are good empirical choices. derlying skin is often ulcerated. After a shed the affected skin is wrinkled and dull. The lesions can become very deep, even penetrating the body wall. Septicaemia may also result and the condition is eventually fatal without treatment. CANV is contagious. Predisposing causes include those that cause immunosuppression such as crowded or dirty conditions, trauma, poor husbandry etc. Short to medium term resolution of clinical signs has been achieved with oral Voriconazole and topical F10SC therapy. Other azoles as well as Terbinafine have not proven effective. Affected animals should be considered lifelong carriers. Trauma: Tortoises seem to be the most commonly presented trauma victims. Motor vehicle accidents, dog bites in smaller specimens and purposeful injury by people attempting to kill the animal for food are the most common histories. Figure 11: Infectious stomatitis leading to abscessation in a Boa Constrictor Yellow fungus disease: Chrysosporium anamorph of Nannizziopsis vriesii (CANV) is a fungal disease that mostly affects Bearded Dragons although it has been recorded in Green Iguanas, Veiled Chameleons, Water Dragons and Uromastyx. The lesions begin with yellow to brown crusts in irregular small patches if these crusts are removed the unFigure 13: Tortoise injured by a person wielding a spade Even severe shell defects can be repaired but this is a field completely on its own. The most important fact to remember is to never seal a tortoises shell until the wound is clean and granulating well, or internal abscessation may occur. Figure 12: Fungal dermatitis in a Green Iguana Bird and Exotic Animal Hospital With a basic understanding of the specific structure and function of the scaled reptilian skin, diagnosis and treatment of reptile dermatological issues can become a rewarding although quite drawn out process. There are several good texts such as Reptile Medicine and Surgery by Doug Mader and the BSAVA Reptile Manual available for more detailed diagnostic and treatment advice. Exceptional Care for Unusual Pets Based at the internationally renowned Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital in South Africa, the privately run Bird and Exotic Animal Hospital focuses towards world class care of Birds, Reptiles, Primates, Fish, Small Mammals, Invertebrates and other non-traditional species. With our highly trained and dedicated staff we are always willing to go the extra mile to make sure your treasured companion receives the best care possible. | | Tel: 012 529 8105 vet360 Issue 06 | DECEMBER 2016 | 38