Vermont Bar Journal, Vol. 40, No. 2 Vermont Bar Journal, Spring 2017, Volume 43, No. 1 - Page 46

Corner 46 to prove that a child was in need of care or supervision due to abuse and/or neglect. 15 However, unlike the criminal standard of beyond a reasonable doubt, the State need only to prove its case by the civil stan- dard of preponderance of the evidence. 16 In Vermont, by statute, “the merits hearing shall be held within sixty days from the date the Court issued its temporary care order removing the child from \܈\YK[\]\H\ۋ'H M\B\[ۈ[\[۝]YXTѐx&\Y B\[[YY[Y\܈H[8&\\X[[B[]HXY[ ^\BH]HH[\[[ݙYH\܂\YK N\\[ܙKTѐK\[\•\[۝]\]Z\\H\XZHB[[8'\]\X\ۘXHYܝ\HXYH HъH][[X\B\H[[ݘ[وH[HHYx'B]H[\ܘ\H\HX\[]] B\[ ^\HH]HوH[Y\B[H\Hܙ\][]X[H[[ݙYB[HHYK NBY][Z[H\\[\B[۝ HXZܚ]HوH[Y\\BY[XY]H\[YHBݙ\Y^[Y][[H]]\YB^[\[Y]]ܛ^\˜HXXH][[H][ܙX\Y]Y][ۈYHHY[YHو\Z[KB[ۈو\[[Y\\Xو\KB[\HXH[\]][ۈ܂[Z]YYH[YH]\]X[H[X[[˜][[ܚ[Z[[]ˈ \\B[[YYXو[^Z[H\][ۂو\\[\H ^H[ \[[š[\\[\Y\[\[[8'[Y\B\X[\x'H]\[[8'ۙHوB\][ۈ[Xܘ][ۋ'H H[[X][K\[^Hٝ[]\\\\Yۘ]K\\[\HZ][܈Z\ܝ[]B\[Z\YH[\[\Hٝ[\\[وшX[ܚ\\[[š[[Y\]X]H܈H[Xو[H[]KBX][ۈ]Y[H˂[[H[[Y\\BZY[[\\Y[[X][HKB^\\X[[H܈[[[\[H[8&\[\\ ]\H\H[YH[B[Y\\HZY[[\]\B\ۈH[\]YHHوH[Z[H\YHYXH[[H[X\B[YX\\8'Y\Hݙ\YوX[\X\[[Y[وY\[[]H]]ܞH\ۜX[]Y\[\[B[\][ۋ'H H[[Y\\BZY[[\[\Y\[Z[H\YB\ۛH[ۚ]܈Hܙ\و\B\[\YH[[[\HHY]K[\H[\X[[Hو[[]¸'ZHX]H\Y\H[]Y\™Z[H\][ۈوH\Y\[˜\\H\Y\[]X[H؛[B]\[XX\'H “ۘH\H\[YYX][ۈوY\B]]\HYZ\[ۈHH\[܂\ۈH[[وXHH\YB\H۝\YX\[H\H[ݙ\\][ۋ[\[۝ H\KB[ۈX\[\H[]\[ B^\HH]HوH\8&\[[›وX\H[ ܈YX H\HقH\][ۈX\[\܈ш]ܝH[Y\[]H\BHوH[ [\\Y[و[HKBX[YYوH\[[ ܈[ ]\X\H\[YY[YH[XY]H][YX][ۈ[[\[X]Y]H܈XY][\X[[K HH\B][ۈ\H[\\\HYX\܂H\Y\[\[]XX\BۈYY[ܙ\܈H[B]\YYK]\ܚ]X[܈\][ۂ\H[]X\[\X]H^ BX][ۜ\][\H\H[X\™܈]\H]Y]X\[و]\H\B[\XYHܙ\\H[ق][YX][ۋ\[Hۙ\[KH\H[Z[ BY]H][[^YX[[[[[[Z[Y\Xو MKB]Z\\]]\H[YH\Y[[\HX][H[Y[][ B[\܈\\H[X[[BYHH8'Y[8'H]XYX[ BHY\\H[8&\YYX][ۋX[ \]][ۈ[\\X\][ۋ \\XXH\X\\H[BH[H[\ٝ[ݙ\YHX[ܚ\[Z[YY][\[[˜\[[XY[\ˈY][ۘ[K\B[܈\H[[ Y\\Y[[\H[[YHH\ܚ\[ۈوBܘ[\][[H[\\H܂H[][ۈH\\H[\[B[][ˈ ۜ\[\X][ۈو\™[[Y[[[H[\XXKۘHH\][ۈ[\Y[\ BݙY[YYHH\ H]Y]šX\[\\]Z\Y HY\[[\[۝]ˈ[\[۝ H Y\KB[ۈX\[\[][^H^\وB]Hو\][ۋ\X\TѐH\]Z\\H\H[H]Y]Y\[X[B]\[]\H^[۝ˈ B\HوH\][ۈX\[\[ۚ]܈Hܙ\وH\H[[Y\[H\Y\X\Y\ۈ[BY[YXXHوH\K]\Y][ۘ[K\[۝[TѐB\]Z\HH\X[[HX\[H[[ܙH[ L[۝Y\H]HB[\\ۜY\Y]H[\Y\\K]\[۝[[܈[ܙB\]Y[\]Y]X\[X\]B\HYH[۝܈[[Y\YB[[[\ H\X[K]H\X[[BHX\[ш\YHHX\[ۂ\]\۝[YH][YX][ۈYBܝ[Y[YY\[H[XZ[[\H[[Y]XY]YHH\[܈B؜X\]][][YX][ۋB]\Y\\]HYۘ]Y[H\[HTSӕTTS8(S Mš\Z[H\[YH\܈\\[[\ۜX[]Y\][HX\ۘXH[[[و[YHY]YHH[8&\\X]K[шX^H[HH\Z[][ۈو\[B[Y]][ۈ]H\X[[HX\B[\XH[YZ[HܚY[[\KB[ۈ\H[[ TѐH\]Z\\X[\XHY[Y\\YH\Z[][ۈق\[[Y[H[\Y[]وHYH܈YY[وH\[KB[۝[\H[\XY]H[]]K\H\H\[[X\ۈB]\[H[8&\\[\\܈B]H\XYHX\ۘXHYܝ˜XY]HH\H[[ˈ H[ZHHY\][ۈ]Y]X\[XY\KBHXܙ\\X[[HX\[Y\TѐH\]Z\[Y[\X[[KB[H\Y\XZH[[X]B[8&\\X[[H[ HX\ۘXHYBܝوX[\X\XY]H]\BX[[K\[۝8&\S]YXۙBوH[\^[[[[]KB][ۈ]X[\Y[\[HB^KۛH\HH\\[[][ B\H\Y\]][X]\]X[H[H^[YHYX[ ܂X\Hو[[Y\YH[[\[Y][ۋX[H][[HS\\]X[X]\و][X]^Y[[KB[ݙYH\[\H[\[\›ۘH[[][[X\]H[ ܈KBX[Y\ˈH[[Y\\BZY[[\[HHYX\܈] Bܛ^\[X[ܚ\[Y][™܈[[[\[۝8&\][[H\ B\ˈ[Y][ۋH[[Y\\BZY[[\[HH܈[Z[B\Y\\H\X\H[B\وXXH^XY[H\ B\[\H]\]Y\܈\B[۝8&\[[’\HKXۘ[ PYK\K\[ B[H[H\]H]x&\]ܛ^KB\Xۚ^Y[ LHH\XH܂[[\ܘH܈\^[\\Hܚš[[[X[ۈ[][[H\BXH\\[\HY[X\و]\‘ܘK•HY[ۈ\\[H[[[\BXو NN  ML̋B HˑX[ۈ LMJJ JBB KːˈX[ۈ JJJ MJJJJJJH [\\B[\[HH]Hو\[۝]\ݙ\Bو\\JBBHY[ۈ[YH[Z[Y\Xو NNM L KNKBBːKX[ۈ L JJKBːKX[ۈ L JKBːKX[ۈ L JKBːKX[ۈ L JJ JH8$ JN Kː˂X[ۈ ̊JJ KLKBBːKX[ۈ L KLBːKX[ۈ L KLBB\[ۛX[ۜX  LL LLHXB[ۈ L KːˈX[ۈ J JKLB][[^YX[[[[[ŒBB˝\ܙ