Vermont Bar Journal, Vol. 40, No. 2 Vermont Bar Journal, Spring 2017, Volume 43, No. 1 - Page 18

Ruminations sin in a deed are also bound by a 15-year limit. 101 Tax liens are good for 15 years. 102 The grand list of land planted with fruit trees remains consistent for 15 years and cannot be changed as long as the trees continue to grow. 103 Ninety Years All Judges and Justices (not including Justices of the Peace) shall be retired at the age of 90 or at the end of the term in which they turn 90. 104 Ninety-Nine Years The original birth certificate of an adop- tee is unsealed when 99 years have elapsed after the date of birth. 105 Affordable housing units are subject to housing subsidiary covenants preserving their affordability for 99 years or longer. 106 Nine Hundred and Ninety-Nine Years Perpetual leases for purposes of active conservation management have a term that exceeds 999 years exclusive of renew- als. 107 As Long As Water Runs and Grass Grows The public shares dedicated to the school, glebe (church), academy, universi- ty, and, in the old Wentworth charters, the SPG (Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts) were leased by the proprietors of the towns, usually providing a perpetual lease with a term as long as wa- ter runs and grass grows. 108 Day is a Day In 2015, the Supreme Court proposed new rules for the Criminal and Civil Divi- sions to make sense of the way deadlines are set. Every deadline would become measured in calendar days, the former 10- day limit for some motions extended to 14, among other changes. The change would rationalize the process and give greater di- rection to the parties. The proposal has yet to be adopted. Why? There must be a logical reason for dead- lines. The overriding principle is simply that things need to be done in a timely manner, so that the opportunity to act or appeal is used or exhausted or the consequences of not acting or appealing are established. There are exceptions to the Draconian harshness of a deadline for some things, but not for others, such as statute of limita- tions and appeals of most decisions at the 18 state or local levels. You can obtain permis- sion to delay a deadline in the Civil Division if you file before the day you must act or try to obtain relief by claiming the ever-ambig- uous “excusable neglect.” 109 We live and die by deadlines. The clock ticks. The calendar flies by. No alarm will sound if you meet it. If you miss it, whim- per. ____________________ Paul S. Gillies, Esq., is a partner in the Montpelier firm of Tarrant, Gillies & Rich- ardson and is a regular contributor to the Vermont Bar Journal. A collection of his columns has been published under the ti- tle of Uncommon Law, Ancient Roads, and Other Ruminations on Vermont Legal His- tory by the Vermont Historical Society. ____________________ Dinah Washington made the song famous, but Maria Grever wrote it, in 1934. https:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_a_Diff%27rence_a_ Day_Made 2 In re Mullestein, 148 Vt. 170, 173-174 (1989); Warner v. Mower, 11 Vt. 385, 394 (1839). 3 Francis Lewis Wellman, The Art of Cross-ex- amination: With the Cross-examinations of Im- portant Witnesses in Some Celebrated Cases (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1908), 28. 4 “An act defining the powers of Justices of the Peace within this State,” March 3, 1787, Laws of the State of Vermont Passed by the Legislature in February and March 1787 (Wind- sor, Vt.: George Hough and Alden Spooner, 1787), 84-87. 5 17 V.S.A. § 2572. 6 10 V.S.A. § 6241(b). 7 10 V.S.A. § 2645(a). 8 10 V.S.A. § 4826(b). 9 10 V.S.A. § 1295(c). 10 1 V.S.A. § 312(c)(2). 11 23 V.S.A. § 1219. 12 20 V.S.A. § 3413. 13 20 V.S.A. § 3384. 14 9 V.S.A. § 2482b. 15 10 V.S.A. § 560(a). 16 28 V.S.A. § 808b(d)(1)(B). 17 13 V.S.A. § 3504(c)(1). 18 18 V.S.A. § 1001. 19 7 V.S.A. § 1007(a). 20 13 V.S.A. § 1609(b). 21 17 V.S.A. § 2971(a)(3). 22 31 V.S.A. § 1110(a). 23 33 V.S.A. § 4913(c). 24 18 V.S.A. § 4808(b). 25 18 V.S.A. § 5206. 26 32 V.S.A. § 7775. 27 28 V.S.A. § 907(1). 28 24 V.S.A. § 5146. 29 13 V.S.A. § 3902. 30 Fish and Wildlife Board Rule 138 (hare and rabbits). 31 23 V.S.A. § 3313. 32 18 V.S.A. § 5230(2)(C). 33 18 V.S.A. § 5207. 34 15 V.S.A. § 2-402(a). 35 30 V.S.A. § 7006. 36 31 V.S.A. § 1110(b). 37 23 V.S.A. § 3209. 38 5 V.S.A. § 476(a) & (b). 39 2 V.S.A. § 263. 40 23 V.S.A. §§ 1129 (motor vehicles), 3211 (snowmobiles), and 3511 (ATVs). 41 1 V.S.A. § 318(a)(2). 42 13 V.S.A. § 5407(a)(3)-(7). 43 V.R.C.P. 55(b)(4). 44 Vermont Constitution, Ch. II, Sec. 11. 1 THE VERMONT BAR JOURNAL • SPRING 2017 23 V.S.A. § 1746. 18 V.S.A. § 5228(2). 47 9 V.S.A. § 4001(7)(construction contracts); 10 V.S.A. § 4454(d)(1)(B)(hunting, fishing, or trap- ping license suspensions); 23 V.S.A. § 1205(c) (suspensions for drunk driving); 48 13 V.S.A. § 2592(a)(2). 49 28 V.S.A. § 1003. 50 6 V.S.A. § 3032(b). 51 Vermont Constitution, Ch. II, Sec. 11. 52 1 V.S.A. § 312(b)(2). 53 7 V.S.A. § 67(a). 54 24 V.S.A. § 4451(a)(1). 55 1 V.S.A. § 318(a)(1). 56 State v. Whitney, 196 Vt. 629, 631 (2014). 57 13 V.S.A. § 7403(e). 58 V.R.A.P. 4(a)(2). 59 V.R.A.P. 5(b)95)(A). 60 V.R.C.P. 59(b). 61 V.R.C.P. 59(a). 62 V.R.C.P. 6(e); V.R.C.P. 5(b)(2) or (3). 63 V.R.C.P. 78(b)(1). 64 15 V.S.A. § 1004(b). 65 V.R.A.P. 5(b)(5)(A). 66 32 V.S.A. §§ 4403, 4404. 67 V.R.C.P. 79(b)(1); V.R.C.P. 6(a). 68 V.R.Cr.P. 26(c) and (d); V.R.E. 404(b) and 609. 69 V.R.C.P. 74, 75; V.R.A.P. 4(a)(1). 70 V.R.A.P. 4(a)(2). 71 5 V.S.A. § 277(c)(1)(C)(i) and (ii). 72 V.R.C.P. 33(a). 73 V.R.C.P. 56(b). 74 24 V.S.A. § 4464(b)(1) (“The panel shall ad- journ the hearing and issue a decision within 45 days after the adjournment of the hearing, and failure of the panel to issue a decision within this period shall be deemed approval and shall be effective on the 46th day”). 75 13 V.S.A. § 7042. 76 24 V.S.A. § 4463(b). 77 9 V.S.A. § 1921(c). 78 12 V.S.A. §§ 513, 517, 558(a), 2497, 5404. 79 Vermont Constitution, Ch. II, Sec. 15. 80 Vermont Constitution, Ch. II, Secs. 46, 47, 48, and 49. 81 12 V.S.A. § 512. 82 12 V.S.A. § 518. 83 http://fela411.com/fela_faq 84 32 V.S.A. § 7488(a). 85 Vermont Constitution, Ch. II, S