Vermont Bar Journal, Vol. 40, No. 2 Vermont Bar Journal, Fall 2017, Vol. 48, No. 3 - Page 38

Corner also need immigration assistance. Both federal and Vermont law includes provi- sions for restitution and a civil remedy. Beyond direct representation, attorneys can also be involved through policy efforts. As our knowledge and understanding of the crime evolves, so to must our laws. At- torneys can help services providers, law en- forcement, policy makers, and the commu- nity craft and advocate for better laws. MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH: THEVERMONT TASK FORCE Due to its complexity, and the diverse needs of survivors, the best approach in responding to human trafficking is a mul- tidisciplinary team approach. The multidis- ciplinary team approach pulls together all necessary partners, such as law enforce- ment, social and child welfare services, and legal services, to collaborate and co- ordinate their respective and collective re- sponse. In 2012, the State convened a new Task Force as mandated by Act 55. This Task Force is currently co-chaired by the USAO and the Vermont Attorney General’s Of- fice. Over the last few years the Task Force has done trainings for law enforcement, healthcare providers, service providers, at- torneys, community members, probation officers, and many others. The group has also created a resource guide for service providers, made changes to improve the law, and launched a public awareness cam- paign, “U Can Stop Traffick.” 18  Contact the chairs for information on how to assist.   ____________________ Erin Albright, JD, has over nine years of experience in the anti-trafficking field. She specializes in building organizational ca- pacity and service collaboration through training and consultation with service pro- viders, law enforcement, task forces, and law makers.  ____________________ Amy Fine Collins. Sex Trafficking of Ameri- cans: The Girls Next Door. Vanity Fair. May 24, 2011. http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2011/05/ sex-trafficking-201105 2 Dave Goldiner, “Not Guilty Plea in Hooker Case.” NY Daily News. Wednesday, May 9 2001. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/ not-guilty-plea-hooker-case-article-1.937308 3 Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, Pub. L. No. 106-386, 114 Stat. 1464 (2000). 4 Ken Picard, “Vermont’s Human Trafficking Task Force Tackles a Global Problem”. Sev- en Days. October 6, 2010 https://www.sev- endaysvt.com/vermont/vermonts-human-traf- ficking-task-force-tackles-a-global-problem/ Content?oid=2141524 5 It also incorporates by reference the Federal law. 6 13 V.S.A. § 2651(3) 7 13 V.S.A. § 2651(7). The definition of labor servitude also contains the following carve out, “Labor servitude” shall not include labor or ser- 1 vices performed by a family member of a person who is engaged in the business of farming as de- fined in 10 V.S.A. § 6001(22) unless force, fraud, or coercion is used. 8 13 V.S.A. § 2652(a)(7) 9 13 V.S.A. § 2652(a)(1) 10 Use of the term “youth under the age of 18” is intended to reflect those that are considered minors under the law, while acknowledging the ongoing needs of such individuals beyond the age of 18, and the fact that many programs that offer services for “youth” continue to do so until those individuals turn 21 or, in some cases, 24. 11 13 V.S.A. § 2652(c)(1) 12 13 V.S.A. § 2652(c)(2) 13 Strengthening Families and Preventing Sex Trafficking Act, PL 113-183 14 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, “Child Labor Trafficking.” https:// www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/litreviews/child-labor-traf- ficking.pdf OJJDP publication 15 Laura T. Murphy, “Labor and Sex Trafficking Among Homeless Youth: A Ten City Executive Summary”. Covenant House, p. 4 https://cov- enanthousestudy.org/landing/trafficking/ 16 See United States v. Bradley, 390 F.3d 145, 153 (1st Cir.2004), “known objective condi- tions that make the victim especially vulnera- ble to pressure (such as youth or immigrant sta- tus) bear on whether the employee’s labor was “obtain[ed]” by forbidden means.” 17 Under federal law, a person that knowing- ly patronizes or solicits sex from a youth under the age of 18 is also considered a trafficker. 18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(1) 18 See www.ucanstoptraffick.org Coming Soon! May, 2018! VBA Tech Show 2018 Be Efficient. Be Ready. Check your inbox and www.vtbar.org for notices. 38 THE VERMONT BAR JOURNAL • FALL 2017 www.vtbar.org