Union County, Blairsville, Georgia Holiday-Winter 2018-2019 - Page 33

Union County GA Magazine . Holiday & Winter 2018-19 . www.unioncountymag.com Christmas transformed from being forbidden in various places in Colonial America to popular in 19th Century Christmas is an observance that By Norm Cooper Editor, Union County GA Magazine appeals to most people in a civilized Christmas was an important part of society. It is a cultural celebration and has a religious significance. That was the social season in the southern not the case in some parts of Colonial states. Christmas became a legal holiday America a few centuries ago. Most Americans are unaware that in the South in Alabama (1836), Christmas was banned in Boston from Louisiana and Arkansas (1838). England’s Queen Victoria adopted 1659 to 1681. All Christmas activities the custom of a as dancing, plays, Christmas tree with games, singing carols most in the country and cheerful celebration being a tabletop tree were banned by the and Americans soon Puritan-dominated adopted the custom as Parliament of England in their own in the 1840s 1644. Puritans of New and 1850s. England followed suit. In the 1850s many Christmas was outlawed decorations were and the Plymouth colony edible. Sugar lumps made celebrating and candy were Christmas a criminal offense. Christmas trees Queen Victoria and Prince Albert fastened to the tree with ribbons. Eating the and decorations were using a Christmas tree considered to be unholy pagan delicacies from the tree was part of rituals, and the Puritans also banned the celebration. The Christmas tree tradition traditional Christmas foods such as mince pies and pudding. Puritan laws transformed from table top to a tall decorated tree. required that stores Many Christmas and businesses trees stood floor to remain open all day on ceiling with lavish Christmas, and town decorations. criers walked through A magazine article the streets on Christmas Eve calling The Celebration of Christmas having in 1860 noted that deemed a Sacrilege, the out "No Christmas, no been exchanging of gifts and greetings, the best trees were dressing in fine clothing, feasting decorated with Christmas!" simliar satanical practices are strings of red holly Christmas began to and hereby forbidden. berries, candles, have a significant impact in America during the 1850s. flowers made of paper, strings of Immigrants from Germany brought beads, ribbons, stars, gilt paper and the custom of a “Christmas Tree” to colored candies. Neighborhood tree trimming parties America. German families in Pennsylvania decorated trees as had become fashionable in the 1860s. Churches and civic organizations early as 1820, an unusual custom in this country in the 19th century. The would set up trees. Communities first use of the words Christmas tree would get together for a party and the rose in the 1830s for those whose exchanging of presents grew. Thomas Nast drew Santa Claus language was English. Those in the northern part of wearing stars and stripes and giving America observed Thanksgiving and gifts to the Union soldiers in the 1860s. In the south during the Civil War a thought Christmas as a celebration to poem described how Santa Claus be avoided. Debroah Burford Piano Instruction 649 Summit Way Blairsville, Ga 30512 706.745.1435 jubal@windstream.net Thomas Nast's Christmas illustrations for Harper's were popular. would avoid a blockade and bring presents to children. Decorations began to change with the introduction of glass ornaments and improved candle holders. After the American Revolution, English customs fell out of favor, including Christmas. In fact, Congress was in session on December 25, 1789, the first Christmas under America's new constitution. Christmas wasn't declared a federal holiday until June 26, 1870. America began importing large quantities of tree ornaments from Europe. The first American-made glass ornaments were produced in 1871. Dresden ornaments were popular on the trees in the 1800s. They were handmade, double sided, embossed and die cut ornaments, usually in gold or silver metal. Tinsel arrived on trees in the 1870s. Paper ornaments were common in stores and magazines published patterns for making ornaments from scraps. Paper ornaments were Christmas Songs Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Jingle Bells Walking in Winter Wonderland Here Comes Santa Claus Joy To The World Rudolph, Red Nose Reindeer Oh Come All Ye Faithful Dreaming Of A White Christmas Oh, Christmas Tree What Child Is This We Three Kings Deck The Halls I Saw Three Ships Sailing Oh Holy Night (Holes in Knight) Noel (No ‘L’) Away In A Manger (Weigh scales) Twelve Days of Christmas I Saw Mama Kissing Santa Claus All I Want for Christmas Is My Two Front Teeth (al, wishbone, saw teeth) Chestnuts Roasting On An Open Fire It Came Upon A Midnight Clear Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow Silent Night (Knight saying Shhhh) Oh Little Town of Bethlehem Silver Bells Page 33 popular for decades. While artificial trees were around in the 1800s, made mostly of goose feathers, they weren’t very popular. In 1876, the first patented metal Christmas tree stand was made in the United States. Before electric Christmas lights, families would use candles to light up their Christmas trees. The very first string of electric Christmas tree lights appeared in 1882, hand-wired 80 red, white and blue light bulbs and wound around a Christmas tree illuminated with electricity. It would take many years for society to decorate its Christmas trees with electric lights. President Grover Cleveland, in 1895, requested that the White House family Christmas tree be illuminated by hundreds of multi-colored electric light bulbs. Christmas Eve 1923, President Calvin Coolidge began the country’s celebration of Christmas by lighting the National Christmas Tree with 3,000 electric lights at the White House. German Dresden Christmas Ornaments commonly used during the 1800s Christmas Crossword Answers