Union County, Blairsville, Georgia Holiday-Winter 2018-2019 - Page 32

Page 32 Union County GA Magazine Holiday & Winter 2018-19 . www.unioncountymag.com Election Day on a Tuesday in November Major political parties in American history Bit ‘o History Tis matter not what political party a person pledges allegiance to, or if they be an independent voter, one thing is for certain - Election Day is always held on a Tuesday early in the month of November. But why a Tuesday in November? The answer stems from the farm community makeup in the 1800s when most citizens worked as farmers and lived a long distance from the polling place. Most people had to travel least a day to vote. Most people spent Sundays in church and Wednesday was market day for farmers. To vote, they traveled on Monday, voted on Tuesday and then went back home. Why November? Spring was planting season, summer was growing season, fall was harvest season. Early November was after harvest season and before the arrival of the cold winter weather. During the 1790s, the Republican Party (Thomas Jefferson, James Madison) believed in a modest central government, limited commercial activity and strong farming communities. The Federalist Party . By Norm Cooper Editor, Union County GA Magazine (Alexander Hamilton) supported a strong national government with centralized authority. Although George Washington never embraced a party, he leaned toward the Federalists Party. In 1796, the first election with two dominant parties occurred. Republican Thomas Jefferson was elected vice-president and Federalist John Adams was elected president. In 1804 the 12th Amendment prevented the election of a president and vice-president from different parties. In 1816, James Monroe became the last Federalist president. In 1820, the Republicans started to adopt Federalist principles. By 1828, the Republican faction had split into two, fully formed political parties. The Democratic Republican Party (Andrew Jackson) was formed and supporters favored a limited national government and were opposed to an economic aristocracy. The party eventually changed its name to the Democratic Party, which During the 1790s, Republican Thomas Jefferson believed in a modest central government, limited commercial activity and strong farming communities. This is the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C. photo/Norm C is now the oldest political party in the county. The National Republican Party (John Quincy Adams) was formed with supporters favoring a strong economic nationalism, much like the former Federalists. In 1832 a group of National Republicans formed the Anti-Mason Party, the first independent third party. The National Republican Party dissolved in 1834, leading to the formation of the Whig Party. First Whig President was William Henry Harrison (1840) and Zachary Taylor (1848) was the last. In 1854, the Whigs and Free- Soilers joined to form the Republican Party. Republican Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election in 1860. In 1860, the Democrats split into Southern Democrats and Northern Democrats, then reunited in 1865. In 1865, the Republicans split into Conservatives, Radicals and Moderates. By the 1890s, the party became united again. Theodore Roosevelt, a former Republican, formed the Progressive Party in 1912. Democrat Franklin Roosevelt became president in 1932. His Democratic supporters became known as social liberals and his Republican opponents became known as social conservatives. Those terms identified the two parties for decades. In 1992, the Reform Party was formed after a third party candidate got 19 percent of the vote in a presidential election. Tri-State Business Women “Women Helping Women” YOUR LOCAL DRUG TEST CONSULTANTS . Providing Workplace & Individual Drug & Alcohol Testing . Hair Lab-Based Drug Testing . Instant Follicle Screens . 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