Tikkun Winter 2019 (34.1) - Page 42

economic priorities such as caring and nonvio- lence are valued in both women and men as well as in social and econom- ic policy. Rather than massive investments in weapons, wars, and prisons, resources are heavily invested in car- ing for people, starting in early childhood, and caring for our Mother Earth—all devalued in domination thinking. There are hierarchies of actualization, rather than domination, where the ideal is not power- over but power-to and power-with. Both capitalism and socialism are gendered valuation systems that discount caregiving and other activities typically associated with women. The first book reporting these findings was The Chalice and The Blade: Our History, Our Future (now in its 56th US printing and 26 foreign editions). 2 It provides a new narrative about cultural evolution in terms of the underlying tension between these two basic alternatives for organizing how we think and live, showing that for millennia of prehis- tory the cultural mainstream oriented to part- nership rather than domination. For instance, prehistoric settlements such as Catalhoyuk were egalitarian, with neither houses nor buri- als reflecting large differences in wealth; there are no signs of destruction through warfare for “ None of the categories provided by our language describe the components of a more equitable, sustainable, and caring society. 42 W W W .T I K K U N . O R G ” over 1,000 years; and, as Ian Hodder, the ar- cheologist excavating this site, writes in Scien- tific American, women and men were equally valued. 3 The Chalice and the Blade also outlines Cul- tural Transformation Theory, proposing that shifts from one system to the other can occur in times of extreme social and technological disequilibrium. It details evidence of a prehis- toric shift from more partnership-oriented to domination-oriented cultures, and documents that in our time of massive technological, economic, and social upheavals there is move- ment toward another fundamental shift—from domination to partnership. But this cultural shift will not happen by itself. It requires human agency. And this requires new language and new narratives. WINTER 2019