YOUNG CHRONICLE November 1st, 2014 THE YOUNG CHRONICLE WHY Is Halloween celebrated? Courage Wins the Nobel Peace Prize, a Global Award for Peace Malala Yousafzai, is a very courageous girl. She won the Nobel Prize because she spoke against those who did not want girls to study in the area she lived in, in Pakistan. She is only 17 years old and has already won How did Halloween begin? Halloween has its origins in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain (pronounced ‘sah-win’). The Celts lived in Britain and Ireland many many years ago. These Celts observed the start of the New Year on November 1, All Souls Day. On All Souls Day, people pray for the souls of their dead relatives, to rest in peace. a global award for peace, because she wanted girls to have a right to study. She was once shot by some gunmen, who did not like her courage, while she was boarding her school bus. After the attack, she became very ill and was sent to England to recover. The festival of Samhain is a celebration of the end of the harvest season in Gaelic culture. The ancient Gaels (a community within the celts) believed that on October 31, the boundaries between the worlds of the living and the dead overlapped and the dead would come back to life and cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops. The festival involved huge bonfires. It is believed that the fires attracted insects to the area, which attracted bats to the area. Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them. Wow! So young and so courageous! I wish I am as strong as her, when I am older. She then took the fight for sending girls to school, at the Global level. She shares her prize with Kailash Satyarthi, who fights against child labour in India. Who is Kailash Satyarthi? And Why Did He Win the Nobel Peace Prize? Trick-or-treating Trick-or-treating, is an activity for children on or around Halloween in which they proceed from house to house in costumes, asking for treats such as confectionery with the question, "Trick or treat?" The "trick" part of "trick or treat" is a threat to play a trick on the homeowner if no treat is given. The origin of trick-or-treating may have also come from Celtic tradition. Poor children in Britain and Ireland went door-to-door on All Hallows Eve and received food in exchange for the promise of praying for the giver’s dead relatives on All Saints Day. All Saints Day is celebrated for good souls who went to heaven, and All Souls Day is celebrated for all others. Kailash Satyarthi was a teacher in Bhopal, before he founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan. Andolan means strike. He was involved with many Indian and Global Organisations against Child Labor. Kailash Satyarthi has also headed organisations and fought for education for children. Both these people, Malala and Mr. Kailash Satyarthi, have worked very closely, to promote education for children, and help them have a better childhood. That is why they won the Nobel Peace Prize. Activity: Talk to your servant and ask her if she has small children going to school. If they don’t go to school, you could start teaching them ABCD and Numbers.