The World Explored, the World Suffered Education Issue Nr. 6 May 2018 - Page 26

Stokes as “good objects” and he pointed to the importance for everybody to experience such “good objects” as part of the task of strengthening the ego. Freud’s theory of the sexual etiology of the neuroses were controversial during 19th century Vienna. Many commentators have argued over the centuries that Freud was projecting this sexual aetiology into his theory. We do not want to blindly defend Freud against every attack but let us ask in the light of the above reading of Eros and the Platonic origins of the idea whether Freud may have been reasoning in the spirit of Diotima Socrates, Plato and even Aristotle about these matters. Freud probably experienced this “sickness of excitement” in his patient’s reminiscences and their current judgments. His cool and technical language may, in fact, disguise the desires that were being talked about: the pleasure-pain principle creates an epistemological distance here that may be misleading. It seems we just have to characterize both pleasure pain in terms of their objects and causes and this places the behaviour of the patients in the wrong category of substance and its attributes. What we need is a principle that can be characterised in terms of the categories of powers and agency: Eros is an agent with certain powers. Freud’s Ego is an abstract characterization of Eros in relation to other agencies and powers but like Eros is but a messenger of the Gods padding about our cities anonymously and is fundamentally discontented. trying to bear all the losses of a lifetime. The “sickness of excitement” that Diotima speaks about in the Freudian clinic possessed both obsessive and addictive characteristics which by necessity centre all the agent's activity narcissistically upon the self. She also refers to the narcissistic and addictive components of our sickly longings after the trappings of power. Freud would have been thinking about these characteristics when he was reading Shakespeare’s Macbeth. The “sickness of excitement “involved in both sex VƗGBFRFW6&Rf"vW"&RƖR'&FW'2FR6Rf֖ǒFW&R&Rf"&FFBg&WVB6V7F2&WGvVV6WVBG&6&VfW#&F6&RFRFV2bV&VƗ7F27G&frf"'FƗGFW&0b6&֗6Rf&F2FRR66RFRf&F6VG&W2&VB&FǐƖVW72BFRFW"FRf&F6VG&W2&VBFR&VV'&6PffVBFR&W'G2bFRWW&66RbvW"FRvW2b7F'&2FF26b痂FRvFFW72bvBB'&FW"F2v2f"g&WV@FFVFRF&BWFRǒVW&vrFg&WVFFV'vV@&V6R6V"FBFW&Rv26WFrV6RW&FrFR֖Bb27@Fff7VBFVG2g&WVN( 2W6Rb622FGFVBF6g&BFPvW'2BvVG2W&Fr2FVBw2֖G2W7BfR&vFVB0fRbFR67672W&RvRfRW&6ƗFV66b6FW2&WV&rv2g&WVB7W7V7FVBFR&W6V6RbFR66VBFVF7F7BfW'V&ǒখ2FV&r22FVvG2GW&VBR6V&6VBf"F2v2&FFP