The World Explored, the World Suffered Education Issue Nr. 6 May 2018 - Page 17

Outline of Introduction to Philosophy course(Lectures and Seminars) The “Outline” below is the outline of an Introduction to Philosophy course which will be published at the end of 2018 under the title “The World Explored, the World Suffered: Introduction to Philosophy” Unit 1. What is Philosophy? Historical Development: Pre- Socratic Philosophers, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. Traditional Divisions of Philosophy: Metaphysics, Ethics, Epistemology, Political Philosophy. Methodology: Elenchus, Deductive Logic, Dialectical Logic Unit 2. Human Nature and the Human Condition: Plato, Aristotle, Kant, The Scientific View, The Religious View, Sartre, Freud(The Medical View) Unit 3. The Mind/Body problem: Dualism(Plato, Descartes) Materialism(Hobbes Armstrong, Logical Behaviourism, Functionalism, The Computer Model) Aristotle’s Hylomorphism Unit 4 Ar:istotle’s Metaphysics Reading and Commentary Unit 5.The individual Self and the Social Self. Hylomorphism and the enduring self vs the no-self view(Hume and Buddhism) Bodily criteria of identity, Memory/Consciousness criteria of identity, Socisl criteria of identity, Political criteria of identity Unit 6. Kant’s Political Philosophy: Human Rights and the idea of a United Nations Unit 7. Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s “The Politics”. Reading and commentary. Unit 8. Ethics: The Objectivity/Universality issue versus the subjective/relativity issue. Consequentialist Ethical Theories(Stevenson, Bentham, Mill). Religious Ethics(Divine