The World Explored, the World Suffered Education Issue Nr. 32 July 2020 - Page 6

Editorial: 32nd Issue July 1st 2020 Blog: http://michaelrdjames.org/ These three lectures are the foundation of three chapters in the Book entitled ”A Philosophical History of Psychology, Cognition, Emotion, Consciousness, and Action(Volume One) The first lecture is entitled The Age of Reinterpretation. During this period we encounter a renewal of interest for the Philosophy of Aristotle: ”As was pointed out in line with previous comments and objections relating to Brett's underestimation of the importance of Aristotelian thinking, this was certainly an age of reinterpretation of Aristotle and his significance for thought, not just in the arena of Philosophy but also in the realms of culture and education. Brett also, however, makes an interesting observation in relation to a shift that seems to be occurring from the authority of critical discussion of a canon of individual thinkers to the authority of schools and institutions. This, if true, amounts to a significant reinterpretation of the concept of authority which may in its turn partly explain many anomalies in the development of Philosophical Thought.” The Curch during this period were still committed to NeoPlatonic dualism as is evidenced in several of their decisions. One in favour of Mary being both human and divne and the other against Pelagius and his claim that humans are free to choose. That Aristotelian positions were now openly challenging the church is a testament to the growing influence of hylomorphic theory: ”Neo-Platonism had managed to subsist side by side with Christian dogma because of a shared belief in a dualistic metaphysics. Plato's Philosophy, however, also shared with Aristotle a belief in human reason and the "form of the Good" which Religion was skeptical of. Plato, however, did not, as did Aristotle, believe in the essential mortality of the soul. Aristotle's denial of the doctrine of the immortality of the soul(as a substance)in the name of the principle of life which claimed that life was a journey towards its own extinction probably marginalised his role in the theological/philosophical debate about many metaphysical, ethical, political and psychological issues. Up to and perhaps including the time of Boethius, Greek texts could be read in the original but that skill was on the wane as Latin became the language of communication and academic discourse” Dualism manifested itself in the God of the Romans, Janus who could not be found in the Greek Pantheon of gods. A two faced four eyed figure that guarded Roman Gods and became for the Romans a god of war. For us moderns Janus