The World Explored, the World Suffered Education Issue Nr. 19 June 2019 - Page 4

Editorial: 19th Issue June 1st 2019 h Blog: Journal site The first lecture is entitled “ A Critique of The Conceptual Foundations of International Politics: Lecture Seven”. The lecturer Edward Luck outlines a view of the importance and success of international insitutions. "The number of wars between states are down strikingly since the end of the cold war. The number of wars within states are also strikingly down. The number of war casualties is down. The number of refugees is significantly down. The number of internally displaced peoples are down. Economic trends suggest that growth rates are going up in developing countries. Infant mortality is down and life expectancy is up. The number of people in poverty is down considerably." Luck asks whether the UN is equipped to deal with the large range of issues that demand its attention and he also points out that not all states comply with UN resolutions. He notes with skepticism the complex bureaucratic structure of the UN and the presence of 28 subcommittees but does not in this context refer to the results of the work of these committees. Indeed he poses the question whether these subcommittees are an intended distraction from the issue of the lack of influence of the Security Council. Luck then notes that a number of the articles of the UN Charter challenge a states sovereignty : There is a sovereignty gap Luck argues because the nation states cannot meet the demands of their citizens. The lecture is complemented by the Philosophical Psychology of Kant and the Ethics of Aristotle. Antagonism and the struggle of men who need masters but who do not wish for them is integrated with the trust of friendship: Kant in his work "Universal History" proposes in his 9 propositions a philosophical psychology and picture of human nature which provides us with a picture of the political man that may perhaps explain to some degree this hostility. Kant's intention is also to explain the more vicious kind of hostility that lies behind acts of war, He claims firstly that much good is achieved by the antagonism which arises when men encounter each other in the world of tasks to be done: this, he claims is a world in which there are disagreements. The consequences of such antagonism are often good he argues. He goes so far as to say that even the consequences of war which are not to be wished for might produce in their wake a redrawing of the boundaries of states which are for the benefit of all concerned. He claims secondly that man is a being who needs a master but does not wish to have one, preferring to resolve all issues pertaining to his affairs himself. In his moral writings, Kant takes up this characteristic