The Sovereign Voice ITNJ Commemorative Issue - Page 95

surface of Christendom with its theological papalfranchise patterning . Research points – at all corners – to stunning revelations of severe oppression to our fellow sisters and brothers .
These genocidal , unnatural ‘ laws ’ provided an ethical and legal justification for all Christian explorers to confiscate any land and possessions from the inhabitants of ‘ barbarous nations ’ known as non-Christians . This caused the barbaric killing or displacement of Indigenous peoples , while their sacred lands were raped and pillaged for the accumulation of wealth — and thereby , power — to the ‘ holy ’ Roman Catholic Church . Papal decrees evolved into the discovery doctrine , which has become the basis for our modern ideology of international law . The doctrine ’ s dimensional philosophy continues to negatively affect millions of Indigenous Peoples .
In 1823 , the ‘ Doctrine of Discovery ’ was actually adopted into U . S . law by its Supreme Court in a notable landmark case , Johnson v . M ’ Intosh , 21 U . S .
( 8 Wheat .) 543 . Writing for a unanimous court , Chief Justice John Marshall observed that Christian European nations had assumed ‘ ultimate dominion ’ over the lands of America during the Age of Discovery , and that – upon ‘ discovery ’ – the Indians had lost ‘ their rights to complete sovereignty , as independent nations ,’ and only retained a right of ‘ occupancy ’ in their lands . In essence , that means a European power has gained radical title ( sovereignty ) to any land it ‘ discovers .’
This highly influential case became the standard for first-year students ’ curriculum in most U . S . law schools , solidifying the discovery doctrine ’ s place in clarifying contemporary property law . It was an articulation that redacted and consolidated imperial protocol into colonial discovery . So , Marshall ’ s decision was a final codification of the Christian Doctrine of Discovery . Subsequently for almost two centuries , citation to this case ’ s prominent outcome has been primary for federal and state cases associated with Native American land-title disputes .
In other words , per United States property law in use today , Native American nations are still subject to this ultimate authority of the ‘ first nation of Christendom ’ ( based on the issuance of old Papal Bulls ) to claim possession of a given expanse of ‘ discovered ’ American lands . This means that they don ’ t hold title to their own ‘ discovered ’ territory . Therefore , indigenous people are still declared as only tenants ‘ occupying ’ their beloved ancestral homeland — bull ! The widespread use of the antiquated , false Doctrine of Discovery in American law means that the U . S . is a vassal of the Vatican . Therefore , the Vatican actually controls corporate entities such as the United States , via Roman Curia law ( the administrative apparatus of the Holy See ). This is an outdated religious-cultural judiciary logic that has provided a framework for influencing contemporary legal , social , intellectual , and major policy decisions . Think about it realistically — cases are still being decided based on the norms codified in early nineteenth century considerations of doctrinal discovery .
This is evident as recently as in 2005 , during a U . S . case , City of Sherill v Oneida Indian Nation of New York . The court ruled that “ under the ‘ doctrine of discovery ,’ fee title to the lands occupied by Indians when the colonists arrived became vested in the sovereign – first the discovering European nation ... and later the original States and the United States .” 5
5City of Sherrill v . Oneida Indian Nation , 544 U . S . 197 ( 2005 )
I . T . N . J
surface of Christendom with its theological papal- articulation that redacted and consolidated imperial franchise patterning. Research points – at all corners protocol into colonial discovery. So, Marshall’s – to stunning revelations of severe oppression to our decision was a final codification of the Christian fellow sisters and brothers. Doctrine of Discovery. Subsequently for almost two centuries, citation to this case’s prominent outcome These genocidal, unnatural ‘laws’ provided an has been primary for federal and state cases associated ethical and legal justification for all Christian with Native American land-title disputes. explorers to confiscate any land and possessions from the inhabitants of ‘barbarous nations’ known as In other words, per United States property law in use non-Christians. This caused the barbaric killing or today, Native American nations are still subject to this displacement of Indigenous peoples, while their sacred ultimate authority of the ‘first nation of Christendom’ lands were raped and pillaged for the accumulation (based on the issuance of old Papal Bulls) to claim of wealth — and thereby, power — to the ‘holy’ possession of a given expanse of ‘discovered’ American Roman Catholic Church. Papal decrees evolved lands. This means that they don’t hold title to their into the discovery doctrine, which has become the own ‘discovered’ territory. Therefore, indigenous basis for our modern ideology of international law. people are still declared as only tenants ‘occupying’ The doctrine’s dimensional philosophy continues to their beloved ancestral homeland — bull! The negatively affect millions of Indigenous Peoples. widespread use of the antiquated, false Doctrine of Discovery in American law means that the U.S. is a In 1823, the ‘Doctrine of Discovery’ was actually vassal of the Vatican. Therefore, the Vatican actually adopted into U.S. law by its Supreme Court in a controls corporate entities such as the United States, notable landmark cas R6b( F6#R2f&7W&rFRF֖7G&FfR&GW2`FRǒ6VRF22WFFFVB&VƖvW27VGW&vVBSC2w&Frf"VW26W'BVF6'v2FB2&fFVBg&Wv&f 6VbW7F6R'6'6W'fVBFB6&7FfVV6r6FV&'Vv66FVV7GVWW&VF2B77VVB( VFFRF֖( B"Ɩ7FV662F&WBB&VƗ7F6ǐfW"FRG2bW&6GW&rFRvRbF66fW'( B66W2&R7F&VrFV6FVB&6VBFR&0BFB( 2W( F66fW'( ( 2FRF2B7B( FV"6FfVBV&ǒWFVVF6VGW'66FW&F2`&vG2F6WFR6fW&VvG2FWVFVBF2( F7G&F66fW'Bǒ&WFVB&vBb( 67W7( FV"G2खW76V6RFBV2WW&VvW"2vVBF22WfFVB2&V6VFǒ2#RGW&rR2&F6FFR6fW&VvGFBB( F66fW'2( 66R6Gb6W&bVFFFbWp&FR6W'B'VVBFB( VFW"FR( F7G&R`F2vǒfVVF66R&V6RFR7FF&BF66fW'( fVRFFRFFRG267WVB'F2vVf"f'7BזV"7GVFVG>( 7W'&7VV7BR2rFR67G2'&fVB&V6RfW7FVBFR6fW&Vv( 06626ƖFgrFRF66fW'F7G&^( 26Rf'7BFRF66fW&rWW&VFBFW"FP6&gr6FV&'&W'GrBv2&v7FFW2BFRVFVB7FFW2( PT6Gb6W'&bVFFFSCBR2r#RB