ULMUS MINOR Estonian: jalakas Mature trees grow to 30m. The bark is grey brown, often with crossing ridges. The twigs are brown and Portuguese: olmo occasionally have corky 'wings' or Turkish: karaağaç ridges. English: English elm Spanish: olmo Flowers Leaves Elms are Glossy, flat and smooth hermaphrodites, but leathery to the meaning that both male touch, and double and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. Flowers are dark pink to red and hang in tassels, appearing in February. and March. toothed, 6-15 cm in length. They have a characteristic asymmetrical base and taper to a sudden point at the top. Fruit Once pollinated by wind, the flowers develop into tiny winged fruits, known as samaras. These are dispersed by wind.