The plants around us. Volum III The plant around us. Volume III. Etwining project - Page 46

Taraxacum officinale , the common dandelion [4] (often simply Binomial name called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber ex F.H. Wigg Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0– 15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. The foliage may be upright- growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. In many lineages, fruits are mostly produced by apomixis, [10] notwithstanding the flowers are visited by many types of insects. [11] Scientific classification Kingdom Plantae Clade Angiosperms Clade Eudicots Clade Asterids Order Asterales Family Asteraceae Genus Taraxacum Species T. Officinale