Foeniculum vulgare English: Fennel Spanish: Hinojo Estonian: Apteegitill It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb . Fennel is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. Flowers Leaves Fruit The fruit is a dry seed from The flowers are The leaves grow up to 40 4–10 mm long. produced in terminal cm long; they are finely compound umbels 5–15 dissected, with the Fennel is widely cultivated, cm wide, each umbel ultimate segments filiform , about 0.5 mm wide. section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits.