The plant around us. Volume 1 The plant around us. Volume I - Page 56

CARROT English Name: Carrot Turkish Name: Havuç Latin Name: Daucus carota subsp. Sativus Carrot roots are a plant species consumed as vegetables. There are many publications around New Zealand, Australia, Africa and the Mediterranean. A two-year-old plant, carrot roots, can land up to a depth of 1 meter in favorable soil. The maturing carrots are removed from the soil and cleaned. Removal of soil from the soil is carried out in autumn. Carrots are known for their richness in vitamins. A large part of the 87% of the carcass consists of water. The carrot, which is rich in vitamin A, is known to contain up to 6 mg of carotene per 100 grams. Habitat: Cool climate Apart from this, vitamins B1, B2 are vitamins which are present in the content of environments carrot. Besides vitamins, minerals such as calcium and iron are also stored in carrots. Purple and black ones are the most produced ones in Turkey, but orange carrots are the most preferred in terms of consumption. LEAF ROOT FLOWER BODY Leaf: Carrot is a plant that brings leafy fruit to a very large quantity. The leaves are about 40-50 cm long. In the second year, the plant brings leafy fruit to abundant quantities. Root: The shape of the carrot varies greatly depending on the varieties. Carrots stay at depths of 40-50 cm in some carrot varieties, with no damage to any kind and with a pile root structure that can go as deep as 70-80 cm when soil conditions are appropriate. Flower: The carrot plant shows bloom in the second year. The flowers are in the shape of an umbrella. There are 5 petals on the flower. These petals are usually white in color, but in some varieties the petals on the inside of the umbrella can be purple in color. Body: Depending on the variety, care and climate conditions, the variety takes up to 150-160 cm and ends with a flower umbrella. Carrots have lots of species in different colours like orange, red, purple, black, white etc.