The plant around us. Volume 1 The plant around us. Volume I - Page 30

Brassica Olerace Latin: Brassica Olerace Turkish: Lahana English: Cabbage Spanish: Repollo Estonian: Kapsas Portuguese: Repolho Albanian: Lakër Catalan: Col Leaves: Few (in comparison to cultivars), fleshy, hairless, lobed, blue-green leaves. Lower leaves stalked and fairly large (up to 45 cm long), with irregular wavy margins. Brassica oleracea has been cultivated for at least 2,000 years, possibly much longer, and a wide variety of forms have been developed. Although considerably different in general appearance, cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, cauliflower, broccoli and Brussels sprouts are all cultivars of Brassica oleracea. Flowers: With four pale yellow petals and six stamens (two outer ones shorter than four inner ones). Borne on flowering stems of 20–40 individual flowers. Fruits: A short-beaked siliqua (fruit divided into two cells by a thin partition) up to 10 cm long, round in cross-section. Distribution France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom Ecology Coastal; on seaside cliffs.