The plant around us. Volume 1 The plant around us. Volume I - Page 26

BETA VULGARIS English Name :Beet Turkish Name: Pancar Latin Name: Beta vulgaris Spainish Name: Remolacha Portoguese Name: Beterraba Estonian Name: Peet Habitat: North – West Europe Beta vulgaris, the beet or beetroot, is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant in the Amaranthaceae, the amaranth family (formerly placed in Chenopodiaceae, the goosefoot or spinach family), which originated in southern Europe and western Asia, and has been developed into three distinct varieties specialized for different edible parts of the plant: Swiss chard (var. cicla), which has large leaves and prominent fleshy stems is used as a leafy vegetable; sugar beet (var. vulgaris), which has a very large, irregularly shaped fleshy root (up to 0.35 m, or 1 ft, long and weighing 1.5 to 2.5 kg, or 3 to 5 pounds) that lacks the red color typically associated with beets, and is used as a source of sugar (the sugar refined from it is sucrose, the same as that from sugar cane, Saccharum species) and as animal fodder; and beet or beetroot (previously classified. Leaf: The leaves are high in vitamin A and minerals including calcium, iron, potassium, and magnesium. The leaves of Swiss chard and beetroot plants can be used in salads Root: Beetroots are high in magnesium and manganese, with some vitamin ROOT LEAF