The magazine MAQ September 2018 MAQ Magazine November 2018 - Page 35

MAQ/November 2018 / 07

01/10/2018 The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018

2018

Cancer therapy: Releasing the brakes of immunity

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2018 was awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo "for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation." The Laureates has shown how different strategies for inhibiting the brakes on the immune system can be used in the treatment of cancer. Their discoveries are a landmark in our fight against cancer.

Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/

Image on the left: © The Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine. Illustrator: Mattias Karlén

Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/

Image on the left: Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith e Sir Gregory P. Winter

02/10/2018 Nobel Prize in Physics 2018

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 was awarded to Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland. Their inventions have revolutionised laser physics. Extremely small objects and incredibly rapid processes are now being seen in a new light. Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications.

Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/

Image on the left: © Johan Jarnestad / The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

03/10/2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018

2018

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold ”for the directed evolution of enzymes” and the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter ”for the phage display of peptides and antibodies”. To convince the Nobel committee, in particular, were the effects of the work done by the three scientists, who allowed, in the words of the committee, "to harness the power of evolution".

Source: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/

Image on the left: Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith e Sir Gregory P. Winter