The Locksmith Journal May/Jun 2018 - Issue 56 - Page 59

HISTORY OF LOCKS • 59 Latest development of the change key lock with the same footprint as the 9 lever rectangular lock and supplied with changeable heads. Hobbs heavy laminated padlock design of over 100 years ago – very similar to today’s version. This version of the lock is incredible close gated. been preserved within our Museum’s collection. Hobbs made a feature of supplying demountable vaults and even packing them for transport by camel caravan. Amazingly some 45 years later Chubb itself became the subject of a takeover and the same lamentations occurred by both the locksmith trade and the public; both Hobbs and Chubb still very much household names as any retailer will testify. Hobbs very much combined technological foresight of ‘machine- made’ production with solid locking principles integral with the design. Interestingly many of Hobbs designs can still be seen evolved in today’s products; perhaps this is one reason why thriving companies become the object of takeovers and mergers and is in itself an acknowledgement of successful products by competitors. Everyone will be aware the company’s product was initially the Parautoptic lock; a lock specifically for bankers’ strongrooms. Interestingly there are many still in use including a dozen or so in the basements of Windsor Castle. The ‘Parautoptic’ lock (from Greek and meaning – hidden from view), or ‘Transmutable Change Key Lock’ to give its contemporary name, is not the rarest of the Victorian locks by any means. However it is the one that symbolises that pivotal moment, the 1851 Great Lock Controversy, when English lock-making was rocked to its foundations by an American, A C Hobbs, and is therefore iconic for several reasons. Locksmiths and keysmiths today can very often read and memorise a key just from sight and so it was back in the early 19th century particularly as most loc \HوH[\\\Y[ ›܈[X\\Yۋ[YH^H\]Z[XH[[X[ۈوH^ZBXY]YH[YH\[ HX\H\[HY]B[X[وH[[HوX\]BX]\H[XYH][’ؘ[ܙX][[\H][[\[[ۙY[B[YHXHX[ۈ[\KؘX]B]HZ[^B\XYB܈]\YۙY[H[˂[\ؘ[ݘ]]BX]\H\HH][H]\Y][[ݚ[H\ RUTS ˕RPVKҕS NۜܙYH[YHYK˝Z[YKBؘ ]\[ܝXHXY]X܈][ޞH[[K\\\N\[[H[[[H]\[\\[ۜوؘ[[Y[ˈB[HޞH[H[K\\\B][[HX\HY[][YܙXHXKHYܙX[]BXYHXHHH[ۙY\[™][Y[و[Y\[XX[B[X\]Y\ˈۈH[X[قH[[Hو܈[Y\X[[Y\X\X][ۜ\X[\Y ؘ[[YYX]\\[]œX\X\HY]و]X[š[\[Y\XH]›XZ[[HHX\\H[[XXH\K\[\HX]Hق\][ۋH]^[\\HH N][\B][Y\΂BBؘY\Hܝ\[ق][Y[\H]ZXH][Y[YYH[Hو]ۛB[Y[]Z[Y]HYHقH\[K[Y\HZ[ݙ\[HY[[]]Y[H][[YKBHܚY[[[Y\و\\[ۜHH N][\KYHZ\[Y []\Yۋ[Z[[\X[]K\H[ٙ\[™^[[X\]H[\Y][˜HۜY\Y^H8$H\]X[]H\\Hٝ[H[XۛZX[XB$ؘ\[]XۙHوBX\H8&ܙY[&H\[Y\˂X[[ܛ[ \]܈وH\]YBX[ۈو[^\[Y\˜[Y[[ܜX[ۜۈ\ܚX[\Xو[^\ˈBX[[H۝XYH[XZ[BX[[[ܛ[˘