The Hoosier Historian Issue 1: Scotland - Page 18

, According to the World English Dictionary “ .” to go on a plundering raid , and Scottish alike , lands , as well as to reive is , Border reivers English ’ would raid the enemy countries ’ . their own countrymen s lands Their plunder was anything that could be moved easily and , . swiftly such as cattle and horses Kidnapping for ransom was also a practice that was employed on a , regular basis and it is from the practice of tribute paid in order to avoid attack that the term . came into existence “ ” blackmail Death and even murder were . unfortunate side effects of the reiving lifestyle The continual state of warfare and conflict in the border region led to the formation of treaties and a stream of laws that seldom favored the Scottish . border peoples 1383 “7 An example of these laws that affected Anglo Scottish border relations and survival is the . , Ric II . 16, by cap to enact that no armour or ’ food should be sent into Scotland without the King s Caerlaverock Castle, Dumfries, Scotland ”. Licence In 1494, Henry VII passed a law dictating that all Scots who were not residents were to leave England . immediately or forfeit all their worldly possessions , Henry VII , Henry VIII and Elizabeth I also passed laws forbidding the sale of any horse to a person of Scottish . origins upon pain of death , were also outlawed , side Crossbows and handguns except for those on the English . within twelve miles of the Scottish border When trade and exchange between Scotland and England , was allowed the Scottish pound was valued as an . English shilling , In response to these prejudicial laws Scotland enacted laws of their own forbidding the selling of . horse and other goods to the English To warn an Englishman of an impending raid upon his lands and , person by a fellow Scotsman was considered treason . a hang able offense , However crimes committed during periods of truce were discouraged and . punished It was not until James VI of Scotland became James I of England that such laws were abolished by the act of 1606 “4 . , . 1, ‘ … Jac Abolition of all Memory of Hostility …’.” and Scotland Walltown, Hadrian's Wall, England I c for the utter between England 18