The Explorer Magazine Summer 2018 - Page 16

JUNIOR S R E R O L E P Can you tell the difference between a frog and a toad? They have very different characteristics, for sure, but just like people, they are also very much alike. FROGS VS. • have thin, moist, smooth skin that makes them look “slimy” • prefer a moist environment, keeping mostly in water • have higher, rounder, bulgier eyes • females lay eggs in clusters that resemble a bunch of grapes • have a narrow body shape • have long hind legs and travel by long, high jumps TOADS • have rough, dry, and bumpy/warty skin (but don’t believe that handling toads will give you warts – that’s a myth!) • adapted to both dry and moist environments – keeping mostly on land • have lower, football-shaped eyes • females lay eggs in long chainlike strands, and some even give birth to live young • have a wider body shape • have short, less powerful hind legs and move in short hops These are generalizations: there are several exceptions because the variety of frog and toad species is vast, each with different characteristics. BOTH FROGS AND TOADS are amphibians, making up the animal kingdom Anura (meaning “tailless”). Both have similar life cycles, growing from egg, to tadpole, to froglet, to adult. Frogs and toads are both omnivores, and enjoy dining on insects, worms, and algae, among other food sources. See if you can unscramble our Anura Anagrams! mibipanash cessint misyl vinerooms gurblie listseal toinverenmns pataded tawry greflot Anagram Answers: amphibians, slimy, bulgier, environments, warty, insects, omnivores, tailless, adapted, froglet 16 •