The European Schools Newspaper April issue - Page 3

The European Schools Newspaper, Issue No 3, 47th Primary School of Piraeus History Piraeus has a long recorded history dating back to ancient Greece. The city was largely developed in the early 5th century BC, when it was selected to serve as the port city and was transformed into a prototype harbour concentrating all the import and transit trade of Athens. Consequently, it became the chief harbour of Ancient Greece, declined gradually after the 4th century AD, growing once more in the 19th century, especially after Athens declaration as the capital of Greece. Nowadays, Piraeus is a large city full of activity bearing all the characteristics of a huge marine and commercial industrial centre. It is the focal point of contact between mainland Greece and the Greek islands, as well as a development hub for both Greek shipping and the country’s economy. Attractions The city of Piraeus is marked by the diversity of culture among its neighbourhoods. The hill of Castella is one of the most prosperous and attractive districts of the city, with a panoramic view over Athens and the Saronic Gulf. Its elegance comes from its neoclassical mansions, while the Veakio theatre and the ‘Prophet Elias‘ church are the most popular buildings. 3