TED ALİAĞA COLLEGE / 9-A An Interview Nisa AY - Irmak ÜNSAL We are conducting an interview with our biology teacher Ms. Işık Turcan, who has been teaching biology for over 19 years. She has a degree in Biotechnology Applications and teaching formation from Ege University. She is also an active scientist involved in countless projects and experiments related to healthcare, like studying the effects of the extract of Momordica Charantia (bitter melon) on breast cancer cells, and also some environmentally-related projects like cleaning oil spills in the sea by the use of human hair mats. During this interview, we will be asking Ms. Turcan three main questions affiliated to Genetics and also a major Environmental matter. Interviewers: Hello Ms. Turcan. First of all, we would like to express our gratitude for taking the time to answer our questions and support our project. Let’s begin with our first question which is about Genetics. Should we edit our children’s genomes? Işık Turcan: Actually, it is the first step to prevent crucial diseases nowadays. For example, the parents who suffer from hereditary diseases could protect their offspring and prevent them from carrying illnesses through gene therapy. On the other hand, editing the children’s genomes could be misused and lose its health-related purpose from therapy to enhancement. Which might create social and ethical concerns and inequalities with dangerous consequences. Interviewers: Oh, that sounds like a science fiction alternate reality! Remaining with the topic of genetic modification, in relation to farming which is crucial for our survival as a species; GMO-based crops have proven to be a great solution to many environmental and nutrition challenges. Should all of our crops be GMO-based? Işık Turcan: Firstly, GMOs are intended to fight hunger worldwide.