STOMATOLOGY EDU JOURNAL 2017, Volume 4, Issue 3 SEJ_3-2017_Online - Page 44

TRANSFUSION NEED IN ORTHOGNATHIC surgery - A REVIEW (2009) 53 and Rummasak et al. (2011) 42 were not retained because they did not give a transfusion rate. The following papers were included in the no-predonation policy: Ash and Mercuri, 1985 7 (8 patients); Choi et al., 2009 54 (61 patients); Kretschmer et al., 2008 47 (36 patients); Landes et al., 2008 14 (13 patients); and Stewart et al., 2001 49 (2 patients). Three papers with a predonation policy were retained in this category: Blau et al., 1992 55 (30 patients); Moenning et al., 1995 17 (155 patients); and Posnick et al., 2010 56 (34 patients). Posnick et al. (2010) 56 did not indicate a criterion of transfusion but believed a level below 7 g/dL (Hc=21%) was a definite indication for transfusion, with room for evaluation of the clinical ¹••…¹ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸‰•™½É”Ñ¡…Ё±•Ù•°¥Ì)ɕ…¡•¥˜¹••ÍͅÉ丁 ±…ԁ•Ð…°¸€ ÄääȤ€ÔԁÍхѕÑ¡…Ð)Ñ¡•ä‘¥¹½ÐÕ͔Õ¹¥™½É´É¥Ñ•É¥„™½ÈÁ½ÍѽÁ•É…Ñ¥Ù”)ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸ì¥¹‘••°µ…¹äÁ…Ñ¥•¹Ñ́ɕ•¥Ù•)ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸Á½ÍѽÁ•É…Ñ¥Ù•±ä‰•™½É”‘½Õµ•¹Ñ…Ñ¥½¸)½˜Ñ¡”Á½ÍѽÁ•É…Ñ¥Ù”¡•µ½±½‰¥¸½¹•¹ÑɅѥ½¸¸)A½½±¥¹œ½˜Ñ¡”½Ñ¡•È‘…Ñ„Í¡½Ý•…‘¡•É•¹”Ñ¼)•ÅՅ°…¹ÍÑÉ¥ÐÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸É¥Ñ•É¥„Ý¡•¸½¹Í¥‘•É¥¹œ)…Õѽ±½½Ṍ½È¡½µ½±½½Ṍ‰±½½ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸¸Q¡”+Ša…ɥѡµ•Ñ¥Šd½Ù•É…±°É•Åեɕµ•¹Ð½˜‰±½½ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸)¥Ì€ÄȸД°Ý¡¥ Í¥¹¥™¥•Ì„™¥Õɔ…±µ½ÍЁ‘½Õ‰±”…Ì)Ñ¡…Ё½˜„Í¥¹±”µ©…܁Áɽ•‘Õɔ€¡Q…‰±”€ÄÜ°Q…‰±”€Ì¤¸)!½Ý•Ù•È°Ý¡•¸Ñ¡•Í”™¥Õɕ́…É”•¹Ñ•É•¥¹Ñ¼„)ÍхѥÍÑ¥…°µ½‘•°°Ñ¡”€”…É”¹½ÐÑ¡”…ɥѵ•Ñ¡¥Œ€”( ÐȼÌÌäôÄȰФ‰ÕЁ•ÍÑ¥µ…Ñ•€”‰…Í•½¸Ñ¡”Áɽ‰¥Ð´)¹½Éµ…°µ½‘•°½¹Ñ…¥¹¥¹œ…±°É½ÕÁ̀  ÐȼÌÌäì€ÈÀ°Ø”ì( Ü¸Äì€Ð̸Ȥäԕ $¤¤¸)MхѥÍÑ¥ÌÝ•É”‘½¹”¥¸Ñ¡”MLÁɽÉ…´…¹€äԔ)•á…Ð½¹™¥‘•¹”¥¹Ñ•Éم±ÌÝ•É”…±Õ±…Ñ•™½ÈÑ¡”)¥¹‘¥Ù¥‘Õ…°ÍÑՑ¥•Ì¸%¸Q…‰±”€ÄàÑ¡”½Ù•É…±°ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸)Ʌѕ́…¹½ÉɕÍÁ½¹‘¥¹œ€äԔ½¹™¥‘•¹”¥¹Ñ•Éم±Ì)ݕɔ•ÍÑ¥µ…Ñ•ÕÍ¥¹œ„Áɽ‰¥Ðµ¹½Éµ…°µ½‘•°¸9¼)Í¥¹¥™¥…¹Ð‘¥™™•É•¹”‰•Ñݕ•¸Ñ¡”Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸)…¹Ñ¡”¹¼µÁɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥ä½Õ±‰”Í¡½Ý¸(¡ÀôÀ¸ÔÀÐܤ¸Q¡”¥¹ÑɄµÍÑՑ䁍½Éɕ±…Ñ¥½¸Ý…́™½Õ¹Ñ¼)‰”Í¥¹¥™¥…¹Ð¸%¸Ñ¡”¹¼µÁɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥äÑ¡”¥¹ÑɄ´)ÍÑՑ䁍½Éɕ±…Ñ¥½¸Ý…Ì€À¸È䀡ÀôÀ¸ÀÜØ䤸Q¡”¥¹ÑɄ´)ÍÑՑ䁍½Éɕ±…Ñ¥½¸¥¸Ñ¡”Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥äÉ½ÕÀ)݅̀À¸È؀¡Àô€À¸ÀäØÀ¤°€¡¥œ¸€Ð¤¸)½ÕȁÁ…Ñ¥•¹Ñ́¥¸Ñ¡”É½ÕÀÝ¥Ñ Ñ¡”Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸)Á½±¥ä€¡Q…‰±”€Äँɕ•¥Ù•¡½µ½±½½Ṍ‰±½½è½¹”)¥¸Ñ¡”Í•É¥•Ì½˜A½Í¹¥¬•Ð…°¸€ ÈÀÄÀ¤€Ô؁ݡ¼‘¥¹½Ð)Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ”°…¹Ñ¡É•”¥¸Ñ¡”Í•É¥•Ì½˜5½•¹¹¥¹œ•Ð…°¸( ÄääÔ¤€Ä܁ݕɔÁ…Ñ¥•¹Ñ́ѡ…Ёɕ•¥Ù•‰½Ñ …Õѽ±½½ÕÌ)…¹…‘‘¥Ñ¥½¹…°¡½µ½±½½Ṍ‰±½½¸Q½Ñ…°è€ÈȁÁ…Ñ¥•¹ÑÌ)¥¸Ñ¡”Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥äÉ½ÕÀÉ••¥Ù•„‰±½½)ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸¸5½•¹¹¥¹ŸŠéÁ…Ñ¥•¹Ñ́ݡ¼É••¥Ù•‰½Ñ )…Õѽ±½½Ṍ…¹¡½µ½±½½Ṍ‰±½½Ý•É”±…ÍÍ¥™¥•)…́¡…Ù¥¹œÉ••¥Ù•…Õѽ±½½Ṍ‰±½½½¹±ä¸)=¹”Ý½Õ±…ÍÍÕµ”Ñ¡…Ёѡ”±¥¹¥…°µ•Íͅ”¥Ì±•…ȸ)́±½¹œ…́‰¥µ…ᥱ±…ÉäÍÕɝ•É䁥́ÍÑɅ¥¡Ñ™½É݅ɐ°Ñ¡”)¹••™½È‰±½½ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸É•µ…¥¹ÌÝ•±°‘•™¥¹•¸)=¹”…‘‘¥Ñ¥½¹…°Áɽ•‘Õɕ́…É”•á•Õѕ°Ñ¡”É¥Í¬)™½È‰±½½ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸¥¹É•…͕́ͥ¹¥™¥…¹Ñ±ä¸)Q…‰±”€ÄäÍÕµµ…É¥é•ÌÑ¡”™¥¹‘¥¹Ì½˜Ñ¡”ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸)Ʌѕ́ɕÁ½Éѕ¥¸Ñ¡”É•Ù¥•Ý•…ÉÑ¥±•Ì¸%¸Ñ¡”)Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥ä•¹Ñ•É́½‰Ù¥½ÕͱäÑ¡”ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸)ɅєÉ•™±•Ñ́„Á½±¥äÉ…Ñ¡•ÈÑ¡…¸„ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸¹••¸)%¸Ñ¡”½Ñ¡•È•¹Ñ•É́ݥѡ½ÕЁÁɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥äÑ¡”)¥¹É•…Í¥¹œ½µÁ±•á¥Ñ䁽˜Ñ¡”ÍÕɝ¥…°½ÉÑ¡½¹…Ñ¡¥Œ)Áɽ•‘Õɔ½•Ì…±½¹œÝ¥Ñ …¸¥¹É•…Í•ÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸)Ʌє¹Q¡”ÍхѥÍÑ¥…°µ½‘•°Õ͕Ñ¼ÍÑՑ䁉¥µ…ᥱ±…Éä)ÍÕɝ•ÉäÝ¥Ñ „Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥äå¥•±‘•¹¼)ÍхѥÍÑ¥…±±äÍ¥¹¥™¥…¹Ð‘¥™™•É•¹”‰•Ñݕ•¸Í¥µÁ±”)…¹½µÁ±•àÁɽ•‘Õɕ̀¡ÀôÀ¸ÄÈÔܤ¸Q¡”¥¹ÑɄ´)ÍÑՑ䁍½Éɕ±…Ñ¥½¸¥¸Ñ¡”Í¥µÁ±”‰¥µ…ᥱ±…ÉäÁɽ•‘Õɔ)É½ÕÀÝ¥Ñ Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Ý…Ì€À¸ÐȀ¡ÀôÀ¸ÀÀÀȤ¸Q¡”)¥¹ÑɄµÍÑՑ䁍½Éɕ±…Ñ¥½¸¥¸Ñ¡”½µÁ±•à‰¥µ…ᥱ±…Éä)Áɽ•‘ÕɔÉ½ÕÀÝ¥Ñ Áɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Ý…Ì€À¸ÈØ(¡ÀôÀ¸ÄÄØÀ¤¸)Q¡”ÍхѥÍÑ¥…°µ½‘•°Õ͕Ñ¼ÍÑՑ䁉¥µ…ᥱ±…ÉäÍÕɝ•Éä)ݥѠ¹¼µÁɕ‘½¹…Ñ¥½¸Á½±¥äå¥•±‘•¹¼ÍхѥÍÑ¥…±±ä)Í¥¹¥™¥…¹Ð‘¥™™•É•¹”‰•Ñݕ•¸Í¥µÁ±”…¹½µÁ±•à)Áɽ•‘Õɕ̀¡ÀôÀ¸ÈÔÜĤ°¥¸ÍÁ¥Ñ”½˜Ñ¡”…ɥѡµ•Ñ¥Œ)Q…‰±”€ÄиQɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸Á½±¥ä…½É‘¥¹œÑ¼…ÕÑ¡½È°¥¸‰¥µ…ᥱ±…ÉäÍÕɝ•ÉäÝ¥Ñ¡½ÕЁ½¹½µ¥Ñ…¹ÐÁɽ•‘Õɕ̸)Õѽ±½½ṌÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸Á½±¥ä(ÄäÐ)ÕÑ¡½Èe•…ȁ1…Íͅ¡•È€ÈÀÀà€Ä€È”)5½•¹¹¥¹œ•Ð…°¸€ÄääԀĀ̔)9­•¹­”•Ð…°¸€ÈÀÀԀ̀Ԕ)-•Íͱ•È•Ð…°¸€ÈÀÀ؀؀ä”)•±™•É¹¥œµ ½•¡´•Ð…°¸€ÈÀÀĀ̀ÄÀ”)I½¡±¥¹œ•Ð…°¸€Ääää€ÈĀÄܔ)½¹œ•Ð…°¸€ÈÀÀȀÄ؀Ää”)IÕµµ…Í…¬•Ð…°¸€ÈÀÄĀÔà€Èà”)!•Ñٕ‘Ё•Ð…°¸€Ääà܀Ì̀ÌД)ÕåÕɽ¸•Ð…°¸€Äää؀ÄȀØÀ”) ÙÑѝ•È€ÈÀÀ܀ØЀÜà”)AՕ±…¡•È•Ð…°¸€Äääà€Ì܀àȔ)1•¹é•¸•Ð…°¸€Ääää€Øä€ÄÀÀ”)A…Ñ¥•¹Ñ̀¡¸¤Ý¥Ñ …Õѽ±½½ṌÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸€”…Õѽ±½½ṌÑɅ¹Í™ÕÍ¥½¸)Mѽµ„‘ԁ(¸€ÈÀÄÜìР̤è€ÄàдÄää)¡ÑÑÀè¼½ÝÝܹÍѽµ…•‘Õ¨¹½´