STOMATOLOGY EDU JOURNAL 2017, Volume 4, Issue 3 SEJ_3-2017_Online - Page 31

16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. treatment with function correctors. Rep Congr Eur Orthod Soc. 1966;42:233-254. [Pubmed] Perillo L, Cannavale R, Ferro F, et al. Meta-analysis of skeletal mandibular changes during Fränkel appliance treatment. Eur J Orthod. 2011;33(1):84-92. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjq033. [Full text links] [PubMed] Yassaei S, Sorush M. Changes in hyoid position following treatment of Class II division1 malocclusions with a functional appliance. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2008;33(1):81-84. [PubMed] Pakshir HR, Mokhtar A, Darnahal A, Kamali Z, Jamilian AR. Treatment Effects of Farmand Functional Appliance on Class II Division 1 Malocclusion. J Res in Dentomaxillofac Sci. 2016;1(1):22-27. Franchi L, Baccetti T, De Toffol L, et al. Phases of the dentition for the assessment of skeletal maturity: a diagnostic performance study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;133(3):395-400; quiz 476. e1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2006.02.040. [Full text links] [PubMed] Baccetti T, Franchi L, McNamara JA Jr. The cervical vertebral maturation (CVM) method for assessment of optimal treatment timing in dentofacial orthopedics. Semin Orthod. 2005;11(3):119-129. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1053/j.sodo.2005.04.005 Yassaei S, Jamilian A, Joshan N. Effects of Twin-Block 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. and Faramand-LL appliances on soft tissue profile in the treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion. Int J Orthod Milwaukee. 2014;25(4):57-62. [PubMed] Fränkel R, Fränkel C. Orofacial orthopedics with the function regulator. Basel, Switzerland: Karger; 1989. Owen AH 3rd. Clinical management of the Fränkel FR II appliance. J Clin Orthod. 1983;17(9):605-618. [PubMed] Owen AH 3rd. Morphologic changes in the transverse dimension using the Fränkel appliance. Am J Orthod. 1983; 83(3):200-217. [PubMed] Creekmore TD, Radney LJ. Fränkel appliance therapy: orthopedic or orthodontic? Am J Orthod. 1983;83(2):89-108. [PubMed] Janson GR, Toruno JL, Martins DR, et al. Class II treatment effects of the Fränkel appliance. Eur J Orthod. 2003;25(3):301-309. [PubMed] Rushforth CD, Gordon PH, Aird JC. Skeletal and dental changes following the use of the Fränkel functional regulator. Br J Orthod. 1999;26(2):127-134. doi: 10.1093/ortho/26.2.127 [PubMed] Yaqoob O, Dibiase AT, Fleming PS, Cobourne MT. Use of the Clark Twin Block functional appliance with and without an upper labial bow: a randomized controlled trial. Angle Orthod. 2012;82(2):363-369. doi: 10.2319/041411-268.1. [Free full text] [PubMed] Hamid Reza PAKSHIR DDS, PhD, Professor, Director, Head Department of Orthodontics Orthodontic Research Center School of Dentistry Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran CV Hamid Reza Pakshir is a full professor at the School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Iran) and the founder and director of the Department of Orthodontics, and head of the Orthodontic Research Center. He has numerous publications, including the publication of articles in national and international journals and compilation of books in the field of orthodontics. Since 2004, he has been elected to the Editorial Review Board of the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics magazine, and since has judged over 50 articles for this journal. Since 2014, he has been the Editor-in-Chief of the Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences (IJMS), Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Shiraz Journal of Dentistry, and a member of the editorial board of several Iranian scientific magazines registered at PubMed. Effects of Farmand and Fränkel-2 functional appliances on mandibular deficiency in late mixed dentition Questions This study was: qa. Prospective; qb. Retrospective; qc. Descriptive; qd. A case series. What was the mean age of the patients in Farmand group in this study? qa. qb. qc. qd. 11.1 years; 13 years; 9 years; 10 years. All the patients in study had the following malocclusion? qa. qb. qc. qd. Class 2 division 2; Class 2 division 1; Class 2 division 1 and division2; Class 1 with deep bite. SNB significantly increased from 74.3° to... in Farmand group? qa. 76.8°; qb. 76.7°; qc. 75°; qd. 77.6°. Stomatology Edu Journal 181