STOMATOLOGY EDU JOURNAL 2017, Volume 4, Issue 3 SEJ_3-2017_Online - Page 28

Effects of Farmand and Fränkel-2 functional appliances on mandibular deficiency in late mixed dentition Table 1. Pre and post cephalometric landmark in the Fränkel and Farmand group. Variables Sagittal Group SNA (°) ANB (°) Witts (mm) GoGn (mm) Co-Gn (mm) Overjet (mm) Vertical Jarabak (%) GoGn-Sn (°) Palatal-GoGn (°) Facial Angle (°) Gonial Angle Dental U1-Sn (°) IMPA (°) Interincisal Angle (°) Mean SD 81.2 1.5 81.4 1.3 0.124 81 1.3 81.5 1.3 0.001 Farmand 74.3 1.7 77.6 2.3 0.001 FR-2 73.6 3.4 77.6 1.5 0.001 Farmand 6.8 1.6 3.6 2.3 0.001 FR-2 7.3 1.7 3.8 1.5 0.001 Farmand 4.2 1.6 1.9 1.7 0.001 FR-2 4.7 1.4 2.4 1.5 0.001 Farmand 66.5 3.5 69.2 3.5 0.001 FR-2 66.7 2.9 69.8 2.4 0.001 Farmand 103.7 2.9 106.2 2.6 0.001 104 2.3 106.4 2 0.001 Farmand 101.8 1.6 106.3 1.8 0.001 FR-2 102.6 2.4 105.6 2.3 0.001 Farmand 7.1 2.1 3.6 1.9 0.001 FR-2 9.2 3.2 5 1.6 0.001 Farmand 64.1 2.2 62 1.4 0.001 FR-2 64.6 2.7 61.9 1.6 0.001 Farmand 31.8 4.2 34.1 4 0.001 FR-2 30.7 4.6 32.5 3.5 0.003 Farmand 25.3 2.6 27.5 1.9 0.001 FR-2 27.4 3.4 28.6 4.5 0.014 Farmand 82.9 2.6 85.1 2.5 0.001 FR-2 83.8 2.3 86.4 1.8 0.001 Farmand 123.7 3 128.7 2.1 0.001 FR-2 124.8 3.6 128.4 3.3 0.001 Farmand 110.1 7 104.4 5.7 0.001 FR-2 110.3 5.3 104.6 4 0.001 Farmand 95.7 7.3 101.9 6.6 0.001 FR-2 91.7 8 98.9 6.5 0.001 Farmand 117.8 5.5 118 6.7 0.777 FR-2 118.1 4.8 119.1 5.9 0.326 Farmand All patients were instructed to wear the appliances full-time except for eating, contact sports, and tooth brushing. Lateral cephalograms of the samples were taken in centric occlusion at the beginning and at the end of the treatment. The angular and linear cephalometric measure- 178 p-value SD FR-2 Co-Pog (mm) After reatment Mean FR-2 SNB (°) Before treatment ments used for comparison of the treatment results of the two groups were as following: SNA, SNB, ANB, Witts (connecting points A and B perpendicu- lar to occlusal plane), GoGn (the distance between the gonion and the gnathion representing the man- dibular length), CoGn (the distance from the con- Stoma Edu J. 2017;4(3): 176-181 http://www.stomaeduj.com