STEAMed Magazine January 2016 - Page 27

Asking students to sit for consecutive hours a day is no longer working for education. Students struggle to keep their minds focused and find themselves daydreaming instead of being engaged by learning. Public school education struggles with class size, poverty, family factors, technology, bullying, attitudes and behaviors like apathy, tardiness and disrespect, leaving administrators and educators seeking solutions. While the problem is complex, and the solutions will continuously come in different shapes and forms, movement has been receiving a lot of attention for helping children’s emotional, social, physical, commutative and cognitive development. THE RESEARCH Research out of Finland linked music-induced movement to the Big Five Personality traits (Luck, Saarikallio, Thompson, Toiviainen, 2010). The Big Five Personality Traits - also known as the five factor model (FFM) - are broken down as: • Extraversion (excitability, sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness, emotionally expressive) • Openness to experience (imagination, insight, broad range of interests) • Conscientiousness (thoughtfulness, good impulse control, goal-directed behavior) • Agreeableness (trust, altruism, kindness, affection) • Neuroticism (Emotional instability, anxiety, moodiness, irritability, sadness) Several independent sets of researchers have studied these five personality traits (Fiske, 1949; Norman, 1967; Smith, 1967; Golberg, 1981; McCrae & Costa, 1987). The researchers found that after studying 50 different cultures, personalities could be accurately described by these five personality traits. Since the traits are dimensions, each personality can vary in each one of the traits. In the most recent study, researchers had 952 people complete the Big Five Inventory. Of those 952 participants, 60 extreme scorers were presented with 30 excerpts of music from 6 popular genres of music. Those 60 participants were recorded by an STEAMed Magazine 27 January 2016 Edition