SOLLIMS Sampler Volume 8, Issue 1 - Page 6

U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute U.S. Army War College 22 Ashburn Drive, Upton Hall Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013 31 March 2017 SUBJECT: Civil Affairs (CA) 1. Introduction Welcome to the March 2017 edition of the SOLLIMS Sampler – “Civil Affairs in Stability Operations.” According to Joint doctrine on Stability (JP 3-07), “Stability is needed when a state is under stress and cannot cope. In general, stabilization is usually the responsibility of the host nation (HN), Department of State, and the United States Agency for International Development with support by the Department of Defense (DOD) conducting stability actions as necessary. Stability operations during a joint operation typically require the expertise of civil affairs in civil-military operations.” During civil-military operations, Civil Affairs (CA) units work with local populations, interagency partners, and international organizations. The various population-oriented tasks performed by CA personnel include foreign humanitarian assistance, support to civil administration, and civil information management. These tasks may fall within the sectors of stability outlined in the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP) & U.S. Army Peacekeeping & Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI)’s Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction, such as governance and social well-being. CA personnel assess impacts of military operations on the population as well as impacts of the population on military operations, providing civil considerations for operations. While there are many points of view on CA – from other military branches, the interagency, and international partners – this Sampler is devoted specifically to understanding lessons from a CA perspective, featuring submissions from CA personnel. This Sampler first examines historical cases of CA before showcasing organizational challenges for the current integration of civil considerations into military culture. This publication then highlights lessons from recent/ongoing exercises and operations, many of which draw upon personal experiences of CA personnel working with interagency and international partners in the context of disaster relief, medical partnership, and displacement. Links to additional CA lessons can be found on page 25 along with a list of CA-related resources on page 26. Themes and recommendations are summarized following the lessons on page 24. Annex C provides a brief overview of the organizational history and structure of U.S. Army Civil Affairs. Table of Contents | Quick Look | Contact PKSOI Page 5 of 28