SOLLIMS Sampler Volume 8, Issue 1 - Page 24

The Institute for the Study of War described civilian considerations for western Mosul operations as follows: “Evacuating residents from western Mosul will be challenging, whether the ISF directs Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to cross first into eastern Mosul towards the camps east of the city, against the grain of current advances, or towards camps west of the Tigris River. Evacuating residents will place an added burden on the ISF to police the IDPs flows. The ISF could elect, then, to operate while residents remain in place, as they largely did in eastern Mosul though it slowed its advances, and import humanitarian aid rather than take responsibility for IDPs flows. Any option will complicate urban operations.” 58 Recommendation. 1. Civil Affairs (CA) forces should give IOs as much advance notice as security considerations permit, when future operations are expected to cause civilian dislocation, in order to allow IOs to plan for DC relief operations. 2. CA forces should advise commanders regarding potential impacts to military operations of DC flows, as well as impacts of civilians staying in place. 3. After an urban area is captured, CA forces should advise commanders regarding the level of security that will enable IOs and NGOs to enter and operate effectively. Implications. If IOs, NGOs, and the host nation civilian government cannot support DCs, forces deployed for offensive operations may unexpectedly be tasked with humanitarian assistance, thereby diverting resources from the primary mission. Overreliance on "stay put" policies in urban areas might lead to high numbers of civilian casualties and/or degraded operations tempo. If IOs/NGOs are delayed in entering a retaken area due to insecurity, DCs may be slow to return to their homes, with negative effects on DC camp space and host nation stability. Event Description. This lesson is based on ISF operations to liberate the city of Mosul from ISIS control, beginning in Oct 2016. For a full list of references and footnotes referenced in the lesson, see the lesson in SOLLIMS here. Lesson Author: LCDR James LeFevre, MSC, USNR Environmental Health Officer, 3d Civil Affairs Group Table of Contents | Quick Look | Contact PKSOI Page 23 of 28