SOLLIMS Sampler Volume 8, Issue 1 - Page 15

D. TOPIC. Ensuring MNMCC Forces are Ready for Next HA/DR Event – Lesson from the 2016 RIMPAC Exercise (2569) Observation. Through its role in the Multi-National Military Coordination Center (MNMCC) during the 2016 Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) exercise, participating Civil Affairs leadership recognized the importance of MNMCC personnel receiving the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Joint Humanitarian Operations Course (JHOC) and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) Supporting Humanitarian Action in Responding to Emergencies and Disasters (SHARED) course. Discussion. The 2016 RIMPAC Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) scenario was an earthquake in Southeast Griffon (notional friendly nation located at Oahu, Hawaii) resulting in massive casualties and extensive infrastructure damage at a scope far beyond Griffon's government’s capability to respond. Griffon declared a national emergency, requesting United Nations (UN) support. A Japanese Navy led Coalition Joint Task Force (CJTF) was stood up with support from eight countries: the US, Canada, Australia, Brunei, Chili, Colombia, Korea and the Philippines. In order for the CJTF to support the Government of Griffin, an MNMCC was established to receive and process Requests For Assistance (RFA) that originate from the Humanitarian Military Operations Center (HuMOCC). UNOCHA facilitates the HuMOCC's operations managing the "trading floor," where the host nation government requests humanitarian assistance, and then coordinates responses and requests resources from the international community. Within the HuMOCC, USAID is the US agency that leads and coordinates the US Government's HA/DR response and support to the host nation. Operating as a liaison between the CJTF, HuMOCC, and the affected nation, the MNMCC is staffed by US Army Civil Affairs personnel and partner nation military personnel who receive and action RFAs for the CJTF. However, multinational force members’ unfamiliarity with the humanitarian community’s processes, especially as they relate to non-complex HA/DR missions, can lead to misu nderstandings and less efficient working relationships between the multinational force and the humanitarian community. Additionally, a lack of familiarization with coalition members' staff procedures can lead to a degree of separation between national militaries intended to work as a combined team. Thus, it is imperative that the MNMCC personnel understand the roles, responsibilities, functions, processes, and procedures of participating U.S. agencies, partners, non-governmental organizations, and intergovernmental organizations to support the CJTF Commander's HA/DR effort. Table of Contents | Quick Look | Contact PKSOI Page 14 of 28