SOLLIMS Sampler Volume 10, Issue 1 - Page 32

CONCLUSION Numerous past operations – OEF, OIF, Joint Endeavor, Uphold Democracy, and Just Cause/ Promote Liberty – have illustrated both the importance and the challenges of Transitional Public Security efforts. Key recommendations/takeaways from those operations with regard to TPS include: Training: 1. Provide training for the General Purpose Forces on TPS tasks, particularly “establish civil security and public order” and “conduct interim detention.” 2. Provide cultural awareness training/education for all deploying personnel. As emphasized in the conclusion of the PKSOI lessons learned publication Leadership in Stability Operations: Understanding/Engaging the People: Ensure that deploying organizations are sufficiently resourced and trained to address the “human domain.” Organization: 1. Ensure that the deploying force is sufficiently resourced with police personnel/units – both military (MP) and civilian. 2. In Coalition/multinational stability operations, consider requesting the deployment of paramilitary police units (e.g., French Gendarmerie, Italian Carabinieri, etc.), which are better suited than conventional military forces for police roles because they have been trained to deal with public order issues and have expertise on the appropriate applications of force. 3. Include Special Forces within the organizational construct; leverage their abilities to readily adapt to local conditions, engage local community members with cultural understanding, and work/partner with local personnel to establish and sustain security in their areas. 4. With overarching direction from the U.S. Country Team, the U.S. military force in- country should consider establishing special groups to help manage Transitional Public Security efforts [e.g., Judicial Liaison Group (JLG), U.S. Forces Liaison Group (USFLG), etc.] Doctrine: 1. Work by, with, and through the local power-holders for restoring/maintaining civil security and public order. 2. Work by, with, and through the local/traditional systems of justice to meet adjudica- tion requirements. 3. Connect U.S./Coalition police personnel (e.g., MPs, paramilitary police, etc.) with Civil Affairs/CIMIC personnel. Liaison, expertise, information, and analysis from Civil Affairs/CIMIC can be highly beneficial for law enforcement/security efforts and for optimizing understanding of the environment. 4. Throughout operations, personnel conducting TPS should take/tailor actions with cultural astuteness – engaging (appropriately) with local security/police personnel, local officials, and local societal groups. Table of Contents | Quick Look | Contact PKSOI Page 31 of 36