SOLLIMS Sampler Volume 10, Issue 1 - Page 22

In Afghanistan, villagers even in pacified areas have sometimes expressed a preference for the crude certainties of Taliban justice rather than a corrupt, official law enforcement system. (Wither and Schroeter, p. 4.) Note: The discussion above should not be taken in any way as advocacy of the Taliban (and their often brutal and inhumane activities). Without, however, some sort of “nominal” inclusion, the end-result was incessant violence – the same outcome as happened in Iraq with de-Baathification. Bottom Line:      Peace agreement: Must gain a peace agreement from / among the conflict parties Neighboring country sanctuaries: Must neutralize spoilers’ safe havens and support systems Engagement: Must understand the cultural fabric and social systems of the local communities Civil security and public order: Work by, with, and through the local power- holders Justice: Work by, with, and through the local/traditional systems of justice Recommendations: 1. Must gain a peace agreement from the parties in conflict. Only then can the U.S. (and its Allies) deliver security forces that are recognized as “legitimate” by the people of the host nation. …If there’s no such agreement, don’t even bother with a long-term deployment/ commitment of security forces. (See this reference: “Stage-setting and Right-sizing for Stability – Learn the Right Lessons”.) 2. Work by, with, and through the local power-holders for restoring/maintaining civil security and public order. 3. Work by, with, and through the local/traditional systems of justice. 4. Law enforcement represents a particular challenge during stability operations. Post- conflict situations are often chaotic; the presence of insurgents and armed criminals gangs, as well as the ready availability of small arms, can cause both foreign and indigenous police forces to be diverted to deal with these high-end threats, thereby limiting their effectiveness in dealing with basic crime prevention and law enforcement at a local level. Population control and protection are likely to be important police functions during all stability opera- tions. These tasks require a high level of skill and robustness as they include public order management tasks such as riot control, the enforcement of curfews and checkpoints, and the general protection of the population against armed gangs. Formed units of para- military police, such as the French Gendarmerie or Italian Carabinieri, are normally better suited for this role than conventional military forces because the former are trained to deal with public order issues and the application of force. (Wither and Schroeter, p. 3.) Table of Contents | Quick Look | Contact PKSOI Page 21 of 36