SOLLIMS Sampler Volume 10, Issue 1 - Page 18

According to U.S. Ambassador Menzies, General Crouch was deliberate: “He took his time to make decisions.” Ambassador Menzies explained that Crouch was very “thoughtful,” meaning he would carefully consider the problem before reacting. Mr. Jock Covey (Chief of Staff, Office of the High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina) echoed that sentiment when he said General Crouch “would listen and was willing to change.” With the multiple complexities inherent in Bosnia, Ambassador Menzies explained, “You need a lot more deliberation. What you need is someone who will take time to examine the issues and take time to make decisions. You have to have much greater sensitivity. You aren’t warfighting. You are building it up. You aren’t destroying things. It isn’t a battlefield. It is a completely different environment.” (USIP report, p. 6) Recommendations: To maximize success of any Transitional Public Security operation: 1. Provide security forces that are recognized as “legitimate” and “vastly superior in comparison to host nation armed groups.” 2. Include an international police force. Such a component can bring both legitimacy and rule-of-law expertise to the table. 3. Connect the international police force to Civil Affairs personnel of the international/ multi-national security force. The expertise, liaison, and information from Civil Affairs can be highly contributory to police/security efforts and will enhance the broader support to civil control. 4. Provide cultural awareness to all deploying military leaders and security force personnel. Throughout operations, these personnel should take/tailor actions to understand and appropriately engage with local societal groups, local officials, and local security/police personnel. Sources:       “Lessons and Conclusions on the Execution of IFOR Operations and Prospects for a Future Combined Security System: The Peace and Stability of Europe after IFOR” – a Joint US/Russian Research Project of the Foreign Military Studies Office, Center for Army Lessons Learned, U. S. Army Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and the Center for Military-Strategic Studies, General Staff of the Armed Forces, Moscow, Russia – by Dr. Jacob W. Kipp et al, November 2000. “Lessons From Bosnia: The IFOR Experience,” – a DoD Center for Advanced Concepts and Technology (ACT) / National Defense University (NDU) collaboration – edited by Larry Wentz, February 2004. “Training U.S. Army Officers for Peace Operations: Lessons from Bosnia,” by Howard Olsen and John Davis, United States Institute of Peace (USIP), 29 October 1999. “Gaining the Peace in Difficult Places: Why we succeeded in Bosnia but struggled elsewhere,” by David Mosinski, 5 May 2017. “Strategic Lesson Number 4: Understanding and Engaging the People,” by David Mosinski, 28 March 2012. “Leadership in Stability Operations: Understanding / Engaging the People” (lesson compendium), by David Mosinski, 2 April 2013. Table of Contents | Quick Look | Contact PKSOI Page 17 of 36