SEVENSEAS Marine Conservation & Travel Issue 21, February 2017 - Page 72

Florida Reef Tract

oral Restoration Foundation has been awarded $2.1 million in funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Administration (NOAA) to restore eight reefs along the Florida Reef Tract to levels outlined in NOAA’s Acropora Recovery Plan. Out of 17 coastal habitat restoration organizations that were selected for funding through NOAA’s Community-based Restoration Program, Coral Restoration Foundation is the sole recipient for a coral reef restoration project. The $2.1 million grant will be distributed over 3 years and will be matched dollar for dollar by Coral Restoration Foundation.

Based out of Key Largo, FL, Coral Restoration Foundation operates the world’s largest reef restoration program. With six offshore Coral Nurseries in South Florida housing over 50,000 corals at a time, the foundation uses innovative techniques to grow threatened coral species which are later outplant on to reefs. Clusters of corals are outplanted strategically to increase the amount of genetic diversity for these once dominant coral species. The grant awarded by NOAA will allow Coral Restoration Foundation to take the next leap in restoration efforts and will contribute to advancing the organization’s overarching goal of saving our world’s oceans.

Spanning almost 150 miles along the coast of South Florida and the Florida Keys, the Florida Reef Tract is the third largest barrier reef in the world. Barrier reefs provide habitat for marine life, but are critically important for humans as well. They provide storm and erosion protection for coastal communities, support the tourism industry, create thousands of jobs, and produce food for millions of individuals. Sadly, since the 1970’s, the populations of two key reef building species, staghorn (Acropora cervicornis) and elkhorn (A. palmata), have declined by 92-97% due to various factors. As a result, these species are now listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

The project’s first year will begin with a Pilot Study involving close to 10,000 corals being outplanted across 20 reefs, including North Carysfort, Molasses, Sombrero, Coffins Patch, American Shoal, and Western Sambo. This followed by monitoring throughout the year will identify eight best suitable reef sites for the remainder of the project and will span the entire Florida Reef Tract from Key West to north of Monroe County. The project will result in over 50,000 previously dominant coral species, elkhorn and staghorn, being outplanted to restoration standards in NOAA’s Acropora

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Restoration

Efforts Scaling

Author: Mari Backus

Photographer: Alex Neufeld, Coral Restoration Foundation

February 2017 - Stories from the Sea

72 - SEVENSEAS