SASLJ Vol. 2 No. 2 - Page 32

Sign Language Structure 15 16-19 20 21, 23-29 30 22, 31-99 100 1000 1,000,000 Stokoe, Jr. fist a or s, (5) " " [DCS: (5) upraised a, appropriate unit digit relaxed L, closed L L and unit digit " palm toward viewer; this is usually the case from 20 -99 " (3), closed (3) " (first digit), (second digit) " (1), c palm of left hand; (1), m on right hand as above edge of palm toward viewer left palm held out; palm of right hand toward signer as above (5) snaps or opens from fist nod (4), tb upraised] a changes rapidly into appropriate digit unit L closes to pinch; may move slightly to right L into unit digit; may move slightly to right (3) closes; may move slightly to right (first digit) into (second digit); may move slightly to right (1) into c (1); then m tips touch palm of left hand as above, then repeat m touch farther from wrist *'Fist a' and 'fist s' refer to configurations of the manual alphabet; see Fig. 1. **Figures in parentheses refer to configurations already described above. Approximations by decades: The equivalents of the English 'forties, in his 'thirties', 'doing seventy', are signed by shaking the configuration for the decade (30 through 90) in small arcs from the wrist. A facial expression accompanying such signs also helps to indicate that the number is approximate. For numbers over one hundred, use digits and signs in the order corresponding to the number. Example: 257,100 is signed: (2) (hundred) (57) (thousand) (1) (hundred). There is no standard rule for signing long numbers; the requirements for clarity will dictate the practice. Where long numbers are not separated into groups, the common practice would be to 'read' off the number, registration numbers, etc., may be read off as above, or may be separated into groups by the signer, without signs for hundred, thousand, etc., as is the usual case with years: 1959 is signed (19) (59). ORDINALS: The sign language employs as visible ordinal system only a limited group of numbers (1-9 or 10): The fingers in configuration desired, tips toward viewer, make slight, repeated twisting motions. There is also a second system, used to indicate position on a chart or list, such as a chart of baseball league standings: with fingers in configuration, palm toward signer, finger tips pointing left, the hand moves to the right. For higher ordinals, these two systems are not used, probably because the movements in these systems, if added to the movements that are elements of all numerals containing more than one digit, would produce awkward combinations. Instead, the ordinal is understood by context or indicated by the addition of a finger-spelled 'th'; spelling for the three lowest ordinals, 'at', 'nd', and 'rd', however, are rarely seen. SASLJ, Vol. 2, No. 2 – Fall/Winter 2018 32