SASLJ Vol. 2 No. 2 - Page 31

Sign Language Structure Stokoe, Jr. all sign language activity. Subjectively at least, it is a difference as great as that of timbre and pitch of men’s and women’s voices. 1.11. Closely related to the manual alphabet is the system of digital numeration used by the deaf. There is less uniformity in finger numbering than in finger-spelling; but a similar combination of configuration, attitude and motion is characteristic of both. The first five cardinal numerals are often but not invariably made with the palm of the hand toward the signer, while the six through nine configurations are often done with the back of the hand toward the signer. Ten is made by slightly shaking or jerking the flat with thumb uppermost. The system is strictly decimal, the tens symbol being repeated, in full form or vestigally, through the second decade. Eleven through fifteen and sixteen through nineteen may show the same reversal of attitude as the first and second group of digits. Multiple digit numbers are signed by shaking the hand slightly forward at successive points on a line from left to right in front of the signer. In the following table, prepared by CGC and DCS shows many of the features of the numeral system. Table of Numeration Number 10 11 Configuration (Fingers: tb, 1, 2, 3, 4) o of manual alphabet 1 upraised 1, 2 upraised tb, 1, 2 upraised 1, 2, 3, 4 upraised tb, 1, 2, 3, 4 upraised tb, 4 tip contact; 3, 2, 1 upraised, slightly relaxed tb, 3 tip contact; 4, 2, 1 upraised tb, 2 tip contact; 4, 3, 1 upraised tb, 1 tip contact; 4, 3, 2 upraised tb upraised from fist a* fist s, (1)** [see Motion] 12 fist s, (2) " " 13 fist s, (3) " " 14 [DCS: (3) upraised fist a or s, (4) " 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Attitude edge of palm toward viewer palm usually toward signer; this is the case with 1-19, except that, for emphasis or visibility, 6-9 and 16-19 may be signed with palm toward none " " " " " " " " " " " " back of thumb to signer palm usually toward signer " [DCS: (4) upraised SASLJ, Vol. 2, No. 2 – Fall/Winter 2018 31 Motion " shake or twist to right (1) snaps up from under thumb (2) snaps up from under thumb (3) snaps or opens from fist nod 1, 2 together] (4) snaps or opens from fist nod (4), tb in palm]