Review/Oorsig Volume 23, Issue 01 - Page 30

Oorsig/Review Poultry skin and footpad quality The skin functions as a protective armour against inflammation from skin lesions that can lead to cellulitis and bacteria that can result in footpad dermatitis in chickens. Maintaining strong skin and footpad integrity is a critical means to help prevent scratches and infection that can result in chronic inflammation and potentially lead to carcass condemnation. Respiratory infections Respiratory infections can destroy the epithelial lining of the upper respiratory system, allowing pathogens to access the lower respiratory system. When this occurs, it can result in a prolonged inflammatory response that may lead to reduced weight gain, lower feed conversion and increased mortality. stocking densities and ventilation to help manage heat stress in your operation are also critical. Another step is the inclusion of performance trace minerals in the ration. Performance trace minerals, when fed as part of a well-balanced livestock or poultry nutrition programme, can help manage the effects of chronic inflammation. They fortify the immune system to provide a more robust and balanced immune response by playing a vital role in building healthy first responder cells, as well as ensuring the pro- inflammatory proteins are in balance with the anti-inflammatory proteins This helps animals recover from an inflammation challenge faster, while minimising economic losses. The role of trace minerals The impacts of chronic inflammation are significant: poor reproductive performance, increased incidence of lameness, decreased milk production, increased respiratory, and poor carcass quality. While these are significant performance impacts, they also have a negative impact on the wellness of the animals in our care. In today’s volatile markets, it’s imperative to fully understand the sources and implications of inflammation and take preventative steps to protect the wellness and performance of the animals in your care. Preventive steps should include more rigorous management to identify triggers that may negatively impact gut integrity and heat stress – two significant sources of inflammation. These can include increased oversight of feed quality to minimise the presence of mycotoxins and potential tissue damage that may occur in animals consuming the feed. Ensuring proper Performance trace minerals, when fed as part of a well-balanced livestock or poultry nutrition program, can help manage the effects of chronic inflammation. This article was first published in the February 2019 issue of Essential Feed. Dr Connie Larson is the global research and nutritional services (RNS) manager at Zinpro Corporation. She has a master’s degree in ruminant nutrition from Montana State University and earned her doctoral degree in ruminant nutrition from New Mexico State University. Contact jackie@ chemunique.co.za for any questions related to this article. ADVERTISING To book advertising space in the next issue of the Review, please contact Ilse, Illa or Soekie SENIOR COMMERCIAL CONSULTANT COMMERCIAL REPRESENTATIVE COMMERCIAL REPRESENTATIVE Ilse Liveris Illa Hugo (Parys) Soekie du Toit ilsel@agriconnect.co.za 012 843 5717 072 708 4401 illa@agriconnect.co.za 082 898 3868 soekie@agriconnect.co.za 012 843 5709 078 947 6916 30