Review/Oorsig Volume 22, Issue 04 - Page 16

Oorsig/Review The 5 most important observation points to recognise the first signs of livestock disease Dr Danie Odendaal Livestock health and production consultant The biggest complaint vets have is that a lot of livestock handlers only realise an animal is ill when the disease has already progressed quite far. Frequently to the stage where successful treatment is highly unlikely. Furthermore, several CCS vets and vets in rural practices would like to improve the veterinary extension services in their areas. Especially to developing and upcoming farmers and farmers in remote areas where veterinary services are lacking or absent. The major stumbling block seems to be to train the livestock handlers to be able to recognise the signs of disease in the early stages. To this end the Daily Observation Card (DOC) was developed by Veterinarian Network and Afrivet Training Services as an easy to follow routine of daily observation to spot signs of disease in the early stages. The trigger for seeking veterinary advice is when the livestock handler recognises the first signs of disease. The objective of the DOC system is to teach livestock handlers the method and importance of a daily routine of observation. In addition, the DOC cellphone app provides information on the significance and seriousness of each sign of disease. Therefor if a herdsman can identify the signs of disease earlier, and understand how serious each sign is, they can either treat the animal or contact you for advice or services a lot earlier, with a higher treatment success rate. The idea is not to replace the veterinarian, but to teach herdsmen to prioritise symptoms and recognise which cases will need early veterinary intervention. The DOC cellphone application is available FREE of charge to veterinarians and farmers in South Africa. See details at the end of this article on how to download the app. The use of DOC is the cornerstone of good management practices, which can be implemented by each and every animal handler. Such as a small scale farmer, commercial farmer or workers on commercial farms. The model was rolled out and tested with numerous veterinarians, animal health technicians, extension officers and farmers 16 during training days presented by Afrivet Training Servi •ΜΈ%ЁΑΙ½Ω₯‘•Μ„Ω•ΙδΑΙ…Ρ₯…°…Ή•ΝΝ•ΉΡ₯…°)Ρ½½°…Ё™…Ι΄±•Ω•°°₯Έ½Ι‘•Θ™½Θ±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬™…Ι΅•ΊѼ)₯΅Α±•΅•ΉΠ„‘…₯±δΙ½ΥΡ₯Ή”°έ‘₯ ‘Ι₯ٕ́ΑΙ₯΅…Ιδ)…Ή₯΅…°‘•…±Ρ …Ι”…́ݕ±°…́ё”•…Ι±δΡΙ•…Ρ΅•ΉΠ)½ΘΑΙ•Ω•ΉΡ₯½Έ½˜±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬‘₯Ν•…Ν•ΜΈ)…Ι±δ₯‘•ΉΡ₯™₯…Ρ₯½Έ½˜Ρ‘”™₯ΙΝЁΝ₯ΉΜ½˜‘₯Ν•…Ν”°)₯́…Έ•ΝΝ•ΉΡ₯…°Α…ΙЁ½˜ΝՍ•ΝΝ™Υ°ΡΙ•…Ρ΅•ΉΠ½˜)ΡΙ•…Ρ…‰±”±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬‘₯Ν•…Ν•ΜΈ%Ё…±ΝΌ™½Ι΅ΜΡ‘”)‰…Ν₯́½˜‘₯Ν•…Ν”ΝΥΙΩ•₯±±…Ή”½Έ„Ι•₯½Ή…°…Ή)Ή…Ρ₯½Ή…°‰…Ν₯ΜΈQ‘”ΝՍ•Ν́½˜Ρ‘”Ή…Ρ₯½Ή…°‘₯Ν•…Ν”)Ι•Α½ΙΡ₯ΉœΝεΝΡ•΄°Ι•±₯•Μ½ΈΡ‘”…‰₯±₯Ρ䁽˜±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬)™…Ι΅•ΊѼ₯‘•ΉΡ₯™δ…ΉΙ•Α½ΙЁ‘₯Ν•…͕́…́ͽ½Έ…Μ)Ρ‘”™₯ΙΝЁΝ₯ΉΜ½˜‘₯Ν•…Ν”…ΑΑ•…ΙΜΈ)-•δA½₯ΉΡΜ(ΔΈ$Q‘”±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬™…Ι΅•Θ…Έ½Ή±δ₯Ή₯Ρ₯…Ρ”•…Ι±δ)ΡΙ•…Ρ΅•ΉΠ½ΘΡ‘”…±°™½ΘΩ•Ρ•Ι₯Ή…ΙδΝΥΑΑ½ΙΠ)Ν•ΙΩ₯”°…™Ρ•Θ‘”½Ν‘”Ι•½Ή₯͕́ё”™₯ΙΝΠ)Ν₯ΉΜ½˜‘₯Ν•…Ν”Έ(ΘΈ$Q‘”±₯΅₯Ρ…Ρ₯½Έ₯́ё…Ё„€ΘЁ‘½ΥȁٕѕΙ₯Ή…Ιδ)•΅•Ι•ΉδΝ•ΙΩ₯”₯́Ή½Π…±έ…έ₯΅΅•‘₯…Ρ•±δ)…Ω…₯±…‰±”°½Θ…™™½Ι‘…‰±”°™½Θ΅…Ήδ±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬)™…Ι΅•Ί₯ΈMΈ(ΜΈ$]₯Ρ‘½ΥЁٕѕΙ₯Ή…Ι䁅ΝΝ₯ΝΡ…Ή”°Ρ‘”±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬)™…Ι΅•Θέ₯±°Ρ…­”ΥΉ…ΝΝ₯ΝΡ•…Ρ₯½Έ°₯Έ½Ι‘•Θ)ΡΌΡΙ•…Ёё”…™™•Ρ•…Ή₯΅…°½ΜΈQ‘•Ι•™½Ι”)…Ήδ™½Ι΄½˜Ι•΅½Ρ”Ω•Ρ•Ι₯Ή…Ι䁅ΝΝ₯ΝΡ…Ή”°)ΑΙ½Ω₯‘•‰δ„Ω•Ρ•Ι₯Ή…ΙδΑΙ½™•ΝΝ₯½Ή…°°₯Μ)‰•Ρѕȁё…ΈΉΌ…ΝΝ₯ΝΡ…Ή”…Ё…±°Έ(ΠΈ$Ω•Ι䁅Ή₯΅…°½έΉ•Θ…Έ‰”ΡΙ…₯Ή•ΡΌΥΝ”)„ΝεΝΡ•΅…Ρ₯Œ…Ή±½₯…°΅½‘•°½˜‘…₯±δ)½‰Ν•ΙΩ…Ρ₯½Έ₯Έ½Ι‘•ΘΡΌ₯‘•ΉΡ₯™δΡ‘”™₯ΙΝЁΝ₯ΉΜ)½˜‘₯Ν•…Ν”ΈQ‘•Ν”™₯Ή‘₯ΉΜ…ΈΡ‘•Έ‰”ΥΝ•)ΡΌΑΙ½Ω₯‘”AΙ₯΅…Ι䁹₯΅…°!•…±Ρ  …Ι”½ΘΡΌ)½‰Ρ…₯ΈΩ•Ρ•Ι₯Ή…ΙδΝΥΑΑ½ΙΠΈ(ΤΈ$I•΅½Ρ”Ω•Ρ•Ι₯Ή…ΙδΝΥΑΑ½ΙЁ…Έ½Ή±δ‰”)ΑΙ½Ω₯‘•₯˜Ρ‘”Ω•Ρ•Ι₯Ή…Ι₯…Έ‘…́ё”™Υ±°)Α₯ΡΥΙ”½˜έ‘…Ёё”±₯Ω•ΝΡ½¬½έΉ•Θ₯Μ)Ν••₯ΉœΈ]‘₯ ΅•…ΉΜΙ•½Ι‘•Ι•ΝΥ±Ρ́½˜)½‰Ν•ΙΩ…Ρ₯½Έ°•α…΅₯Ή…Ρ₯½Έ…Ή‰…­Ι½ΥΉ)₯Ή™½Ι΅…Ρ₯½ΈΈ) •±½ά₯́„‰…Ν₯Œ‘•ΝΙ₯ΑΡ₯½Έ…Ή•α…΅Α±•Μ½˜Ρ‘”)ΝΡΙՍΡΥΙ”½˜Ρ‘”…₯±δ=‰Ν•ΙΩ…Ρ₯½Έ …ɐΈQ‘₯Μ)ΝΡΙՍΡΥΙ•‰ΥЁ±½₯…°΅½‘•°™½Ύ͕½Έ€Τ΅…₯Έ)½‰Ν•ΙΩ…Ρ₯½ΈΑ½₯ΉΡΜΈ