Residential Estate Industry Journal 3 - Page 46

INDUSTRY FOCUS PAGE 44 access control Most people who buy into gated residential communities do so in order to be – or at least feel – more secure. As well as genuinely offering security and privacy, gates and fences enhance the perception of safety. And this, in turn, increases property values, helps to attract new residents, and allows managers and owners to charge a premium for services and rentals. Does access control reduce crime? This is the most frequently asked question, and the answer is a qualified “yes”. Formidable perimeter fencing restricts access and provides both a physical and psychological barrier to criminals. Fences and working gates definitely reduce unauthorised vehicle and foot traffic, especially late at night and early in the morning. For many properties, the traffic reduction alone is enough to bring down parking lot and street crime. Note we’re talking about working gates. The effectiveness of gates and fencing depends on the kind of property, the nature of the residents, and the management controls in place. Gates and fencing work best on a stable property with mature residents, who are likely to be proactive in preventing unauthorised access by, for example, tailgaters, or people asking to be let in “to drop off some flowers for my aunt”. Criminals want to access enviroments anonymously and blend into a community of strangers. Many criminals will bypass a gated community for one that is not gated simply because of the restricted access. Criminals like quick escape routes and don’t want to be trapped behind fences or gates if they are discovered, so homeowners’ associations should think long and hard about how they want to control people exiting the property, as well as those entering it. Gated communities are more secure than ungated ones, but no estate can claim to prevent absolutely all crime. Gates and fences are just one tool in an effective security package. The residents need to be educated to use the gate system properly, how to bypass it in case of malfunction or power failure, and how report abuse and damage. More importantly, residents must take responsibility for their own security by reporting or challenging unauthorised persons using the gates, and must ensure they do not give out gate codes unnecessarily. Management should regularly change the master gate code to screen out former repair vendors, a zillion pizza delivery companies, and previous residents. Which gate type and system is best? This depends on the purpose of the gate and the type of property. Swinging gates look nicer, but are more expensive to install and maintain, are not suitable for high traffic areas, and tend to get damaged by motorists more often than sliding gates. Horizontal sliding gates are less attractive, but are cheaper to purchase and maintain, and more resilient if clipped by a car. With any type of gate system, in-ground loop detectors are required to automatically signal when a car is present so that the automatic gate operator can function – and also so that a vehicle gate will not open for pedestrians. Loop detectors can also be used to allow vehicles to leave the property without using a code or remote. Of course, every gate is only as good as the system supporting it, Secsyst Access ensure that the intercoms, keypads or remotes work effectively. Some additional features include biometric access, licence scanners linked to a database and video cameras. Video cameras must be carefully placed so that, if they’re not INDUSTRY FOCUS PAGE 44 access control Most people who buy into gated residential Gated communities are more secure than communities do so in order to be – or at ungated ones, but no estate can claim to prevent least feel – more secure. As well as genuinely absolutely all crime. Gates and fences are just offering security and privacy, gates and fences one tool in an effective security package. The enhance the perception of safety. And this, in residents need to be educated to use the gate turn, increases property values, helps to attract system properly, how to bypass it in case of new residents, and allows managers and owners malfunction or power failure, and how report to charge a premium for services and rentals. abuse and damage. More importantly, residents Does access control reduce crime? must take responsibility for their own ͕ɥ䁉)ɕѥȁչѡɥ͕ͽ()Q́́ѡЁɕՕѱ䁅ͭՕѥ()ͥѡѕ̰Ёɔѡ䁑()ѡݕȁ́Յqϊtɵ()ٔЁє́չͅɥ丁5()ɥѕȁɕɥ́́ɽ٥()͡ձɕձɱ䁍ѡѕȁєѼ()Ѡͥ卡ɥȁѼ()͍ɕЁɵȁɕȁٕ̰饱()ɥ̸́ݽɭѕ́ѕ()ٕ䁍̰ɕ٥́ɕ̸ͥ()ɕՍչѡɥ͕ٕЁɅ)䁱єЁЁɱ䁥ѡɹ()]єѕ́()ȁɽѥ̰ѡɅɕՍѥ()Q́́ѡ͔ѡє()́՝ѼɥݸɭЁɕ()ѡɽ丁Mݥѕ́Ȱ()ɥ()ЁɔɔͥٔѼхх)ɔЁեхȁɅɕ̰ѕ()9єݗeɔхЁݽɭѕ̸Q()ѼЁ䁵ѽɥ́ɔѕѡ()ѥٕ́ѕ́́()ͱѕ̸!ɥ齹хͱѕ́ɔ()ѡɽ䰁ѡɔѡɕ̰ͥ()ɅѥٔЁɔȁѼɍ͔()ѡЁɽ́ѕ()хɔɕͥЁ䁄ȸ()ݽɬЁхɽݥѠ)ɔɕ̰ͥݡɔѼɽѥٔ()]Ѡєѕɽչ()ɕٕѥչѡɥ͕́䰁ȁᅵ()ѕѽ́ɔɕեɕѼѽѥͥ()хѕ̰ȁͭѼЁqѼɽ()ݡȁ́ɕ͕ЁͼѡЁѡѽѥ()ͽݕ́ȁ䁅չӊt()єɅѽȁչѥLͼͼѡЁ)ٕєݥЁȁɥ̸1() ɥ́݅ЁѼ́٥ɽ́嵽ͱ()ѕѽ́ͼ͕Ѽ܁ٕ()Ѽչ䁽Ʌ̸5()ѼٔѡɽݥѡЁͥ()ɥ́ݥ́ѕչ䁙ȁ()ɕє()ѡЁ́Ёѕͥ䁉͔ѡɕɥѕ)̸ ɥ́ե͍ɽѕ́()=͔ٕ䁝є́䁅́́ѡ()eЁ݅ЁѼɅ́ȁѕ́()ѕѥаMЁ́ɔ()ѡ䁅ɔ͍ٕɕͼݹϊdͽѥ()ѡЁѡѕɍ̰́ȁɕѕ́ݽɬ()͡ձѡɐЁ܁ѡ݅()ѥٕ丁Mѥɕ́Ց()Ѽɽѥѡɽ䰁́ݕ()ɥ̰͍́Ѽ()ѡ͔ѕɥи()х͔٥Ʌ̸YɅ)Ёɕձͼѡаѡeɔ((0