Racial Profiling Reports 2015 Racial Profiling Report - Page 53

2.1.1 LEARNING OBJECTIVE: The student will be able to identify logical and social arguments against racial profiling. A. There are appropriate reasons for unusual traffic stops (suspicious behavior, the officer's intuition, MOs, etc.), but police work must stop short of cultural stereotyping and racism B. Racial profiling would result in criminal arrests, but only because it would target all members of a race randomly – the minor benefits would be far outweighed by the distrust and anger towards law enforcement by minorities and the public as a whole C. Racial profiling is self-fulfilling bad logic: if you believed that minorities committed more crimes, then you might look for more minority criminals, and find them in disproportionate numbers D. Inappropriate traffic stops generate suspicion and antagonism towards officers and make future stops more volatile – a racially-based stop today can throw suspicion on tomorrow's legitimate stop E. By focusing on race, you would not only be harassing innocent citizens, but overlooking criminals of all races and backgrounds – it is a waste of law enforcement resources 3.0 RACIAL PROFILING VERSUS REASONABLE SUSPICION 3.1 UNIT GOAL: The student will be able to identify the elements of both inappropriate and appropriate traffic stops. 3.1.1 LEARNING OBJECTIVE: The student will be able to identify elements of a racially motivated traffic stop. A. Most race-based complaints come from vehicle stops, often since race is used as an inappropriate substitute for drug courier profile elements B. "DWB" – "Driving While Black" – a nickname for the public perception that a Black person may be stopped solely because of their race (especially with the suspicion that they are a drug courier), often extended to other minority groups or activities as well ("Driving While Brown," "Flying While Black," etc.) C. A typical traffic stop resulting from racial profiling 1. The vehicle is stopped on the basis of a minor or contrived traffic violation which is used as a pretext for closer inspection of the vehicle, driver, and passengers 2. The driver and passengers are questioned about things that do not relate to the traffic violation 3. The driver and passengers are ordered out of the vehicle 4. The officers visually check all observable parts of the vehicle