Page 40 Volume 1, Issue 1 This waste occurs when there is supply in excess of real customer demand. This waste masks real production. Causes of excess inventory are: This is the waste of not using people’s mental, creative, and physical abilities. Causes of people waste are: The Syndromes – “Not Invented Here”, “Not in my backyard”, “Don’t know, don’t care” Production buffers Unreliable suppliers Lack of teamwork Excessive queue times Lack of adequate training Unbalanced workload Producing to a forecast Poor communications Incentive system Misaligned process flow Misunderstood customer needs Long set-up times Remarks 7) Motion Waste Motion waste is any movement of people or machines that does not add value to the prod- Lets get out of the box and see around in Pakistan – uct or service. Causes of motion waste are: where can be located these kinds of wastes? This scope of this article is too limited to cite all areas and Poor layout suggest improvement. I leave this to the readership Unplanned downtime and their commitment to change! Unorganized Workplace Pakistan is a predominantly agricultural country – we Inadequate process controls have massive waste (when saying waste keep in Poor methods mind it can be any one of the above), in cultivating, processing and even distributing the products. 8) Employee/People Waste Our power sector – it is only because of a amalgamate of the above wastes we despite of being capable are trying to survive without at 30-40% of power. What kind of wastes are playing role in ruining the capacity of Tarbela? What kind of wastes are hindering the development of KalaBagh or any other? Our political system – compare the size of our parliament and the size of similar size countries!