Popular Culture Review 29.1 (Spring 2018) - Page 40

dominant groups. This tension persisted in later expansions of WoW, and resurfaced in the Stormheim questlines of the 2016 Legion expansion. Within the Horde, a coalition of various minorities, often outcasts from their own racial homelands and communities, Sylvanas, as leader of the most reviled of minorities, resorts to guerilla tactics, subterfuge, and even some forms of terrorism to ensure racial survival. While Clinton operates within the limits of the law as a skilled politician rather than an outlaw, what both women share in common is an approach based on rationality, strategic thinking, and willingness to compromise in pursuit of an ultimate goal that includes commitment to defending outcasts whose very survival appears threatened, unlike Garrosh and Trump who seem more focused on self-aggrandizement and avenging threats to their self-image and power. Although Sylvanas with her long history as Ranger General of Silvermoon and Queen of the Forsaken and Hillary Clinton with her experience as Secretary of State and Senator both had strong and obvious qualifications for positions as, respectively, Warchief of the Horde and President of the United States, they both faced the problem that the virtues of “leaders” are what are traditionally viewed as “male” virtues (ambition, ruthlessness, focus, power, strength, etc.) rather than “feminine” characteristics. This causes women in leadership roles to face a “competence-likability tradeoff”, in which the more competent they appear, the less they are perceived as “likeable” and vice versa. The dissonance between traditional views of the feminine and of leadership also leads to a cognitive discomfort, rationalized by the perceiver projecting this interior conflict onto the object causing it and, rather than reflecting on the interior contradictions of gender bias, instead perceiving the female leader rather than the concept of female leadership as inherently untrustworthy. The Untrustworthiness of Women One key feature in discussions of both the Lady Sylvanas Windrunner and Hillary Clinton is perceptions of trustworthiness. Despite Clinton’s having received high ratings for truthfulness by independent fact-checking organizations, her detractors, including Donald Trump, himself the target of innumerable lawsuits for unethical business practices, tended to cite as the strongest evidence of Clinton’s lack of qualification for the presidency untrustworthiness, referring to her as “crooked Hillary” (Nalder et al. 2016). Clinton’s political history displays a cautious and somewhat secretive modus operandi, ranging from use of a private e-mail server to reluctance to meet with the press or to make statements without extensive prior deliberation. This 40